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Child maltreatment: risk of adjustment problems and dating violence in adolescence.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001 Mar; 40(3):282-9.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relationship between child maltreatment, clinically relevant adjustment problems, and dating violence in a community sample of adolescents.

METHOD

Adolescents from 10 high schools (N= 1,419; response rate = 62%) in southwestern Ontario completed questionnaires that assessed past maltreatment, current adjustment, and dating violence. Logistic regression was used to compare maltreated and nonmaltreated youths across outcome domains.

RESULTS

One third (n = 462) of the school sample reported levels of maltreatment above the cutoff score on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Girls with a history of maltreatment had a higher risk of emotional distress compared with girls without such histories (e.g., odds ratios [OR] for anger, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress-related problems were 7.1, 7.2, 9.3, and 9.8, respectively). They were also at greater risk of violent and nonviolent delinquency (OR = 2.7) and carrying concealed weapons (OR = 7.1). Boys with histories of maltreatment were 2.5 to 3.5 times as likely to report clinical levels of depression, posttraumatic stress, and overt dissociation as were boys without a maltreatment history. They also had a significantly greater risk of using threatening behaviors (OR = 2.8) or physical abuse (OR = 3.4) against their dating partners.

CONCLUSIONS

Maltreatment is a significant risk factor for adolescent maladjustment and shows a differential pattern for male and female adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. dawolfe@julian.uwo.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11288769

Citation

Wolfe, D A., et al. "Child Maltreatment: Risk of Adjustment Problems and Dating Violence in Adolescence." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 3, 2001, pp. 282-9.
Wolfe DA, Scott K, Wekerle C, et al. Child maltreatment: risk of adjustment problems and dating violence in adolescence. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(3):282-9.
Wolfe, D. A., Scott, K., Wekerle, C., & Pittman, A. L. (2001). Child maltreatment: risk of adjustment problems and dating violence in adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(3), 282-9.
Wolfe DA, et al. Child Maltreatment: Risk of Adjustment Problems and Dating Violence in Adolescence. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(3):282-9. PubMed PMID: 11288769.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Child maltreatment: risk of adjustment problems and dating violence in adolescence. AU - Wolfe,D A, AU - Scott,K, AU - Wekerle,C, AU - Pittman,A L, PY - 2001/4/6/pubmed PY - 2001/6/6/medline PY - 2001/4/6/entrez SP - 282 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between child maltreatment, clinically relevant adjustment problems, and dating violence in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Adolescents from 10 high schools (N= 1,419; response rate = 62%) in southwestern Ontario completed questionnaires that assessed past maltreatment, current adjustment, and dating violence. Logistic regression was used to compare maltreated and nonmaltreated youths across outcome domains. RESULTS: One third (n = 462) of the school sample reported levels of maltreatment above the cutoff score on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Girls with a history of maltreatment had a higher risk of emotional distress compared with girls without such histories (e.g., odds ratios [OR] for anger, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress-related problems were 7.1, 7.2, 9.3, and 9.8, respectively). They were also at greater risk of violent and nonviolent delinquency (OR = 2.7) and carrying concealed weapons (OR = 7.1). Boys with histories of maltreatment were 2.5 to 3.5 times as likely to report clinical levels of depression, posttraumatic stress, and overt dissociation as were boys without a maltreatment history. They also had a significantly greater risk of using threatening behaviors (OR = 2.8) or physical abuse (OR = 3.4) against their dating partners. CONCLUSIONS: Maltreatment is a significant risk factor for adolescent maladjustment and shows a differential pattern for male and female adolescents. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11288769/Child_maltreatment:_risk_of_adjustment_problems_and_dating_violence_in_adolescence_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -