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Comparative yield of different respiratory samples for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii infections in HIV-seropositive and seronegative individuals in India.

Abstract

Respiratory specimens were prospectively examined for Pneumocystis carinii from 53 patients. The majority of specimens were comprised of expectorated sputum, induced sputum, broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL), and tracheal aspirates. In only four patients Pneumocystis carinii (P. carinii) was detected. All the samples were produced by broncho-alveolar lavage. Candida spp and Aspergillus spp were also identified in a small number of patients. Acid-fast-bacilli were not detected in any of the cases under study. There were no sex-related differences in distribution. The present prospective study was undertaken in order to determine P. carinii infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive and seronegative individuals. Expectorated sputum samples were probably the major limiting factor in low positivity for detection of P. carinii and study of BAL specimens would be more useful for better results.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. mirdhabr@medinst.ernet.inNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11289004

Citation

Mirdha, B R., and R Guleria. "Comparative Yield of Different Respiratory Samples for Diagnosis of Pneumocystis Carinii Infections in HIV-seropositive and Seronegative Individuals in India." The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 31, no. 3, 2000, pp. 473-7.
Mirdha BR, Guleria R. Comparative yield of different respiratory samples for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii infections in HIV-seropositive and seronegative individuals in India. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2000;31(3):473-7.
Mirdha, B. R., & Guleria, R. (2000). Comparative yield of different respiratory samples for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii infections in HIV-seropositive and seronegative individuals in India. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 31(3), 473-7.
Mirdha BR, Guleria R. Comparative Yield of Different Respiratory Samples for Diagnosis of Pneumocystis Carinii Infections in HIV-seropositive and Seronegative Individuals in India. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2000;31(3):473-7. PubMed PMID: 11289004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative yield of different respiratory samples for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii infections in HIV-seropositive and seronegative individuals in India. AU - Mirdha,B R, AU - Guleria,R, PY - 2001/4/6/pubmed PY - 2001/7/19/medline PY - 2001/4/6/entrez SP - 473 EP - 7 JF - The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health JO - Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - Respiratory specimens were prospectively examined for Pneumocystis carinii from 53 patients. The majority of specimens were comprised of expectorated sputum, induced sputum, broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL), and tracheal aspirates. In only four patients Pneumocystis carinii (P. carinii) was detected. All the samples were produced by broncho-alveolar lavage. Candida spp and Aspergillus spp were also identified in a small number of patients. Acid-fast-bacilli were not detected in any of the cases under study. There were no sex-related differences in distribution. The present prospective study was undertaken in order to determine P. carinii infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive and seronegative individuals. Expectorated sputum samples were probably the major limiting factor in low positivity for detection of P. carinii and study of BAL specimens would be more useful for better results. SN - 0125-1562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11289004/Comparative_yield_of_different_respiratory_samples_for_diagnosis_of_Pneumocystis_carinii_infections_in_HIV_seropositive_and_seronegative_individuals_in_India_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -