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Prevalence of coeliac disease in Down's syndrome.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2001; 13(3):263-7EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

During the past decade, it has been shown that the association between Down's syndrome and coeliac disease is relatively frequent Prevalence rates of coeliac disease in patients with Down's syndrome reported by different authors are significantly higher than those found in the general population. The main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of coeliac disease in a series of subjects with Down's syndrome from our geographical area.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Outpatient paediatric clinics of acute-care teaching hospitals in Barcelona, Spain.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 284 persons with Down's syndrome aged between 1 and 25 years were included in the study. In all cases, serum concentrations of antigliadin antibodies (AGAs) (Pharmacia CAP system enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), antiendomysium antibodies (AEA) (indirect immunofluorescence) of immunoglobulin (Ig)A class or IgG class in cases of IgA deficiency were determined. Jejunal biopsy was offered to all patients with AEA positivity and to those with suggestive clinical manifestations of coeliac disease. In all patients, a clinical study was made to evaluate the presence and time-course of symptoms related to coeliac disease.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES AND RESULTS

In 18 of the 284 subjects with Down's syndrome, aged between 2 and 15 years, coeliac disease was confirmed by jejunal biopsy. Accordingly, the minimum prevalence rate of coeliac disease was of 6.3%. Ninety-four percent (17/18) and 78% (14/18) of patients with the association Down's syndrome and coeliac disease showed AEA and AGA positivity, respectively. Fifteen patients with the association coeliac disease and Down's syndrome (15/18) showed clinical manifestations compatible with coeliac disease, with a predominance of intestinal symptoms (8/18) over those with atypical or extra-intestinal forms (7/18). Three patients had clinically silent forms of coeliac disease (3/ 18).

CONCLUSIONS

Measurement of serum concentrations of AEA should be added to the list of screening tests for coeliac disease in patients with Down's syndrome, otherwise definite association between both diseases may pass unnoticed and diagnosis of coeliac disease be considerably delayed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universitat International de Catalunya, Facultat Ciencias de la Salut, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain. jesuscarnicer@sumi.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11293446

Citation

Carnicer, J, et al. "Prevalence of Coeliac Disease in Down's Syndrome." European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, vol. 13, no. 3, 2001, pp. 263-7.
Carnicer J, Farré C, Varea V, et al. Prevalence of coeliac disease in Down's syndrome. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001;13(3):263-7.
Carnicer, J., Farré, C., Varea, V., Vilar, P., Moreno, J., & Artigas, J. (2001). Prevalence of coeliac disease in Down's syndrome. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 13(3), pp. 263-7.
Carnicer J, et al. Prevalence of Coeliac Disease in Down's Syndrome. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001;13(3):263-7. PubMed PMID: 11293446.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of coeliac disease in Down's syndrome. AU - Carnicer,J, AU - Farré,C, AU - Varea,V, AU - Vilar,P, AU - Moreno,J, AU - Artigas,J, PY - 2001/4/11/pubmed PY - 2001/6/19/medline PY - 2001/4/11/entrez SP - 263 EP - 7 JF - European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology JO - Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: During the past decade, it has been shown that the association between Down's syndrome and coeliac disease is relatively frequent Prevalence rates of coeliac disease in patients with Down's syndrome reported by different authors are significantly higher than those found in the general population. The main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of coeliac disease in a series of subjects with Down's syndrome from our geographical area. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient paediatric clinics of acute-care teaching hospitals in Barcelona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 284 persons with Down's syndrome aged between 1 and 25 years were included in the study. In all cases, serum concentrations of antigliadin antibodies (AGAs) (Pharmacia CAP system enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), antiendomysium antibodies (AEA) (indirect immunofluorescence) of immunoglobulin (Ig)A class or IgG class in cases of IgA deficiency were determined. Jejunal biopsy was offered to all patients with AEA positivity and to those with suggestive clinical manifestations of coeliac disease. In all patients, a clinical study was made to evaluate the presence and time-course of symptoms related to coeliac disease. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES AND RESULTS: In 18 of the 284 subjects with Down's syndrome, aged between 2 and 15 years, coeliac disease was confirmed by jejunal biopsy. Accordingly, the minimum prevalence rate of coeliac disease was of 6.3%. Ninety-four percent (17/18) and 78% (14/18) of patients with the association Down's syndrome and coeliac disease showed AEA and AGA positivity, respectively. Fifteen patients with the association coeliac disease and Down's syndrome (15/18) showed clinical manifestations compatible with coeliac disease, with a predominance of intestinal symptoms (8/18) over those with atypical or extra-intestinal forms (7/18). Three patients had clinically silent forms of coeliac disease (3/ 18). CONCLUSIONS: Measurement of serum concentrations of AEA should be added to the list of screening tests for coeliac disease in patients with Down's syndrome, otherwise definite association between both diseases may pass unnoticed and diagnosis of coeliac disease be considerably delayed. SN - 0954-691X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11293446/Prevalence_of_coeliac_disease_in_Down's_syndrome_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=11293446 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -