[Polyneuropathy index-revised in the evaluation of diabetic neuropathy].No To Shinkei. 2001 Mar; 53(3):259-63.NT
The polyneuropathy index-revised(PNI-R), based on 8 electrophysiological parameters(conduction velocities and F-latencies), was constructed to obtain an overall estimation of peripheral nerve conduction in diabetic patients, taking PNI as a model. PNI was calculated as a mean percentage of the normal on 12 velocity or latency parameters on motor nerve conduction studies. PNI-R is composed of 8 parameters; motor nerve conduction velocities in the forearm or leg segment and F-wave latencies after wrist or ankle stimulation concerning to the median, ulnar, peroneal and posterior tibial nerves. F-wave latencies were adjusted to 160 cm height and used reciprocals to compare with the normal values. Subjects were 101 patients with diabetes mellitus. Correlation of PNI-R or PNI with other parameters or indices on conventional sensory and intrafascicular conduction studies or items concerning to the diabetes mellitus were studied. Coefficient of correlation between PNI-R and PNI was as high as 0.97. The mean value of PNI-R was 0.6% smaller than PNI. This was presumably due to the greater influence of the peroneal parameters, weighted more in PNI-R than in PNI. Peroneal nerve is known to be sensitive to various neuropathies, and is often damaged independently. Each parameter composing PNI-R had a close relationship with PNI-R itself. Mutual independence between 8 parameters was considered to be enough. Among neuropathic signs Achilles tendon reflex in particular, and among diabetic complications retinopathy in particular, had a high degree of correlation with PNI-R. These results were identical both with PNI-R and PNI. We can save 20-30% of time in measuring PNI-R as compared to measure PNI, and the usefulness of PNI-R was as well as PNI. Therefore, using PNI-R as substitute for PNI is considered to be appropriate in the evaluation of diabetic polyneuropathy. Between parameters concerning to the median nerve F-wave latency correlated less with PNI-R than motor nerve conduction velocity in the forearm segment. Presumably this was owing to an unrecognized subclinical carpal tunnel syndrome, often observed in patients with diabetes mellitus. PNI-R will be an excellent index to express the function of peripheral nerve conduction, which can be retarded by the axonal degeneration in diabetes mellitus.