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Treatments that weaken Pavlovian conditioned fear and thwart its renewal in rats: implications for treating human phobias.
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process. 2001 Apr; 27(2):99-114.JE

Abstract

In experiments using a total of 144 albino rat subjects, the authors assessed the ability of fear-weakening treatments to prevent fear renewal (relapse). Conditioned suppression of operant behavior served as the measure of fear in an A-B-A (acquisition-treatment-test) renewal paradigm. In Experiment 1, 100 nonreinforced exposures to a feared cue during treatment (extinction) did not reduce fear renewal relative to 20 exposures. In Experiment 2, explicitly unpaired (EU) treatments thwarted both renewal and reacquisition. In Experiment 3, conditioned inhibition (CI) and differential conditioning (DC) treatments weakened renewal and resisted both reacquisition and a form of reinstatement. In Experiment 4, EU, DC, and CI treatments all thwarted renewal. Evidence suggested that the ability of the treatments to do so reflected the combined effects of transfer of extinction across treatment and test contexts and habituation to the unconditioned stimulus.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11296492

Citation

Rauhut, A S., et al. "Treatments That Weaken Pavlovian Conditioned Fear and Thwart Its Renewal in Rats: Implications for Treating Human Phobias." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes, vol. 27, no. 2, 2001, pp. 99-114.
Rauhut AS, Thomas BL, Ayres JJ. Treatments that weaken Pavlovian conditioned fear and thwart its renewal in rats: implications for treating human phobias. J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process. 2001;27(2):99-114.
Rauhut, A. S., Thomas, B. L., & Ayres, J. J. (2001). Treatments that weaken Pavlovian conditioned fear and thwart its renewal in rats: implications for treating human phobias. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes, 27(2), 99-114.
Rauhut AS, Thomas BL, Ayres JJ. Treatments That Weaken Pavlovian Conditioned Fear and Thwart Its Renewal in Rats: Implications for Treating Human Phobias. J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process. 2001;27(2):99-114. PubMed PMID: 11296492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treatments that weaken Pavlovian conditioned fear and thwart its renewal in rats: implications for treating human phobias. AU - Rauhut,A S, AU - Thomas,B L, AU - Ayres,J J, PY - 2001/4/12/pubmed PY - 2001/10/5/medline PY - 2001/4/12/entrez SP - 99 EP - 114 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Animal behavior processes JO - J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process VL - 27 IS - 2 N2 - In experiments using a total of 144 albino rat subjects, the authors assessed the ability of fear-weakening treatments to prevent fear renewal (relapse). Conditioned suppression of operant behavior served as the measure of fear in an A-B-A (acquisition-treatment-test) renewal paradigm. In Experiment 1, 100 nonreinforced exposures to a feared cue during treatment (extinction) did not reduce fear renewal relative to 20 exposures. In Experiment 2, explicitly unpaired (EU) treatments thwarted both renewal and reacquisition. In Experiment 3, conditioned inhibition (CI) and differential conditioning (DC) treatments weakened renewal and resisted both reacquisition and a form of reinstatement. In Experiment 4, EU, DC, and CI treatments all thwarted renewal. Evidence suggested that the ability of the treatments to do so reflected the combined effects of transfer of extinction across treatment and test contexts and habituation to the unconditioned stimulus. SN - 0097-7403 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11296492/Treatments_that_weaken_Pavlovian_conditioned_fear_and_thwart_its_renewal_in_rats:_implications_for_treating_human_phobias_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xan/27/2/99 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -