Stereopsis in patients with albinism: clinical correlates.J AAPOS. 2001 Apr; 5(2):98-104.JA
A hallmark of albinism is excessive decussation of retinostriate projections at the optic chiasm. This misprojection might lead to abnormalities in the retinal correspondence and may account for the usual absence of stereovision. We report on 2 groups of patients with albinism who have either fine or gross stereopsis and compare the clinical findings of these groups to other patients with albinism with similar visual acuities but no stereopsis.
A retrospective chart review of patients with albinism was used to segregate those with a letter visual acuity of 20/100 or better in one eye, assessment of stereopsis, and strabismus < or = 10 PD. Forty-five patients were identified. Albinism type, best-corrected visual acuity, motility, Titmus vectograph stereoacuity, iris and macula transparency grades, and the presence or absence of both melanin and an annular reflex in the macula were tabulated. A comparison of the clinical characteristics of the groups with and without stereopsis was made.
Those albino subjects who demonstrated stereopsis had better visual acuity, less iris transillumination, more frequent presence of melanin in the macula, less nystagmus, and less marked foveal hypoplasia than the albino subjects without stereopsis. No nystagmus was clinically detected in 5 patients with fine stereopsis. All these differences were statistically significant. Macular transparency grade was not significantly different between the groups.
Patients with albinism who demonstrate stereopsis tend to have better visual acuity, more iris pigment, and more melanin pigment in the macula than their counterparts without stereopsis.