Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Active and passive smoking and risk of colds in women.
Ann Epidemiol. 2001 May; 11(4):225-31.AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the association between active and passive smoking and frequency of colds in women.

METHODS

Data on cigarette smoking and frequency and duration of colds were analyzed in the Women's Health Study (WHS), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer among 39,876 female health professionals.

RESULTS

After adjustment for age, body-mass index, prevalence of asthma and chronic lung diseases, alcohol intake, physical activity, and multivitamin use, current heavy smokers had no appreciable increase in the frequency of colds (relative risk (RR) for >or= 3 versus no colds in the past year, 1.05; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.80-1.39), but a significantly increased risk of prolonged colds (RR for colds of > 7 vs. 1-3 days, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.95-3.29). There was no difference in the number of days confined to home. Nonsmoking women passively exposed to cigarette smoke had a slightly increased risk of both more frequent colds (RR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.18-1.51) and more prolonged colds during the previous year (RR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.99-1.27).

CONCLUSIONS

Women who are currently heavy smokers are at increased risk of having colds with longer duration compared with nonsmokers. Nonsmoking women passively exposed to cigarette smoking are at slightly increased risk of having more frequent and longer colds than nonsmoking women not exposed to passive smoke.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215-1204, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11306340

Citation

Benseñor, I M., et al. "Active and Passive Smoking and Risk of Colds in Women." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 11, no. 4, 2001, pp. 225-31.
Benseñor IM, Cook NR, Lee IM, et al. Active and passive smoking and risk of colds in women. Ann Epidemiol. 2001;11(4):225-31.
Benseñor, I. M., Cook, N. R., Lee, I. M., Chown, M. J., Hennekens, C. H., Buring, J. E., & Manson, J. E. (2001). Active and passive smoking and risk of colds in women. Annals of Epidemiology, 11(4), 225-31.
Benseñor IM, et al. Active and Passive Smoking and Risk of Colds in Women. Ann Epidemiol. 2001;11(4):225-31. PubMed PMID: 11306340.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Active and passive smoking and risk of colds in women. AU - Benseñor,I M, AU - Cook,N R, AU - Lee,I M, AU - Chown,M J, AU - Hennekens,C H, AU - Buring,J E, AU - Manson,J E, PY - 2001/4/18/pubmed PY - 2001/6/29/medline PY - 2001/4/18/entrez SP - 225 EP - 31 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between active and passive smoking and frequency of colds in women. METHODS: Data on cigarette smoking and frequency and duration of colds were analyzed in the Women's Health Study (WHS), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer among 39,876 female health professionals. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, body-mass index, prevalence of asthma and chronic lung diseases, alcohol intake, physical activity, and multivitamin use, current heavy smokers had no appreciable increase in the frequency of colds (relative risk (RR) for >or= 3 versus no colds in the past year, 1.05; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.80-1.39), but a significantly increased risk of prolonged colds (RR for colds of > 7 vs. 1-3 days, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.95-3.29). There was no difference in the number of days confined to home. Nonsmoking women passively exposed to cigarette smoke had a slightly increased risk of both more frequent colds (RR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.18-1.51) and more prolonged colds during the previous year (RR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.99-1.27). CONCLUSIONS: Women who are currently heavy smokers are at increased risk of having colds with longer duration compared with nonsmokers. Nonsmoking women passively exposed to cigarette smoking are at slightly increased risk of having more frequent and longer colds than nonsmoking women not exposed to passive smoke. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11306340/Active_and_passive_smoking_and_risk_of_colds_in_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(00)00214-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -