Variation of major volatile constituents in various green teas from Southeast Asia.J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Mar; 49(3):1394-6.JA
A total of 15 green tea samples were prepared from fresh tea leaves obtained from three different countries: two from Laos, seven from Myanmar, and six from Vietnam. The volatile aroma constituents of the 15 samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Eleven aroma constituents were chosen from over 100 chemicals found in the samples to compare differences among various teas. They were hexanal, 1-penten-3-ol, heptanal, 1-pentenal, (Z)-2-penten-1-ol, (Z)-3-penten-1-ol, linalool oxide (trans-furanoid), linalool oxide (cis-furanoid), linalool, linalyl propanoate, and geraniol. Generally, concentrations of linalool and hexanal seem to play an important role in the quality of green teas. Green teas from Laos and Myanmar contained heterocyclic compounds, such as pyridines and pyrazines, formed by high-temperature processing. The presence of these heterocyclic compounds suggested that the temperature used for tea processing plays an important role in the formation of aroma chemicals in green teas.