Effects of resistance form on attachment strength of resin-retained castings.J Okla Dent Assoc. 2000 Winter; 90(3):16-20, 22, 24-5.JO
This study evaluated the effects of tooth preparation design on resistance to dislodgment of a resin-bonded fixed partial denture (RBFPD). The variations of tooth preparation tested included axial coverage, retentive grooves, and an occlusal rest. Patterns of the tooth preparation designs were prepared and cast in a base metal alloy. Retainer patterns were waxed to refractory casts of metal dies, cast, finished and then bonded to the dies. The complete assemblies were loaded to failure on an Instron mechanical testing machine, and analysis indicated that retainers with occlusal rests were the most resistant. Grooves provided no statistically significant increase in resistance to failure of the cement. Increased axial coverage did not increase resistance to dislodgment. Successful fixed partial dentures (FPDs) depend on cast retainers to resist displacement of the restoration during function. Introduction of resin-bonded restorations opened the possibility of FPDs with minimal reduction of abutments. Specific questions concerning long term success and tooth preparation designs were prominent concerns. The influence of resistance form on overall stability of a restoration was also of particular interest. Buonocore established the foundation for retention of composite resins to acid-pitted enamel. Rochette used this technology to bond perforated cast metal splints to periodontally compromised teeth. A mechanical interlock was created as composite resin engaged these perforations and sustained the cast splint to acid-etched enamel. Howe adapted this design for replacement of anterior teeth by adding porcelain to a metal ceramic framework and then bonding the framework to abutments without tooth preparations. The advantages of these procedures were their conservative nature, esthetics, and ease of rebonding after dislodgment. Livaditis and Thompson adapted the procedure proposed by Tanaka of corrosion-pitting the bonding surface of a base metal alloy. They increased the surface area to be bonded, eliminated the perforations to improve rigidity of the framework, and described tooth preparation modifications of the abutments. They suggested an occlusal rest, establishment of guide planes through axial reduction, and a proximal extension to the facial surface to resist lingual displacement. Simonson, et al., based their anterior tooth preparation design on the configuration suggested by Livaditis which included a slight chamfer finish line plus reduction of the lingual surface to provide a thicker metal framework. Barrack introduced an inlay type tooth preparation for the occlusal rest plus shallow vertical proximal grooves, and Meiers used grooves as an esthetic alternative to proximal extensions. Clinical studies and surveys have identified specific variables involved with success and failure, while in vitro studies have evaluated framework designs, bonding agents, and methods for pitting the metal surface. This study evaluated resistance of RBFPDs to dislodgment of different tooth preparation designs.