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Violence exposure, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001 Apr; 40(4):435-42.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine violence exposure, violent behaviors, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents by comparison with a matched community sample of nonviolent adolescents.

METHOD

Anonymous self-report questionnaires were administered in the 1992-1993 school year to students in grades 9 through 12, in six public high schools located in Ohio and Colorado (N = 3,735). From this sample, 484 adolescents (349 males, 135 females) who reported attacking someone with a knife or shooting at someone within the past year (i.e., dangerously violent adolescents) were drawn. Four hundred eighty-four controls were also selected and matched on gender, age in years, ethnicity, area of residence, and family structure.

RESULTS

Dangerously violent adolescents reported higher levels of exposure to violence and victimization than did matched controls. Dangerously violent females were more likely to score in the clinical range of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress, anger, and dissociation than were control females and violent males; they also had significantly higher levels of suicide potential.

CONCLUSIONS

Students who have been known to commit violent acts should be adequately assessed for violence exposure and symptoms of psychological trauma, with special attention given to the suicide potential of violent females.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kent State University, Institute for the Study and Prevention of Violence, 191 MACC Annex (RAGS), Kent, OH 44242, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11314569

Citation

Flannery, D J., et al. "Violence Exposure, Psychological Trauma, and Suicide Risk in a Community Sample of Dangerously Violent Adolescents." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 4, 2001, pp. 435-42.
Flannery DJ, Singer MI, Wester K. Violence exposure, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(4):435-42.
Flannery, D. J., Singer, M. I., & Wester, K. (2001). Violence exposure, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(4), 435-42.
Flannery DJ, Singer MI, Wester K. Violence Exposure, Psychological Trauma, and Suicide Risk in a Community Sample of Dangerously Violent Adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001;40(4):435-42. PubMed PMID: 11314569.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Violence exposure, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents. AU - Flannery,D J, AU - Singer,M I, AU - Wester,K, PY - 2001/4/21/pubmed PY - 2001/5/22/medline PY - 2001/4/21/entrez SP - 435 EP - 42 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 40 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine violence exposure, violent behaviors, psychological trauma, and suicide risk in a community sample of dangerously violent adolescents by comparison with a matched community sample of nonviolent adolescents. METHOD: Anonymous self-report questionnaires were administered in the 1992-1993 school year to students in grades 9 through 12, in six public high schools located in Ohio and Colorado (N = 3,735). From this sample, 484 adolescents (349 males, 135 females) who reported attacking someone with a knife or shooting at someone within the past year (i.e., dangerously violent adolescents) were drawn. Four hundred eighty-four controls were also selected and matched on gender, age in years, ethnicity, area of residence, and family structure. RESULTS: Dangerously violent adolescents reported higher levels of exposure to violence and victimization than did matched controls. Dangerously violent females were more likely to score in the clinical range of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress, anger, and dissociation than were control females and violent males; they also had significantly higher levels of suicide potential. CONCLUSIONS: Students who have been known to commit violent acts should be adequately assessed for violence exposure and symptoms of psychological trauma, with special attention given to the suicide potential of violent females. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11314569/Violence_exposure_psychological_trauma_and_suicide_risk_in_a_community_sample_of_dangerously_violent_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)60392-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -