Three chromosomal rearrangements in neuroblastoma cluster within a 300-kb region on 1p36.1.Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2001 Jun; 31(2):172-81.GC
Deletions in the short arm of chromosome 1 (1p36) and MYCN amplification are common in neuroblastoma. Previously we showed evidence of at least two different neuroblastoma tumor-suppressor loci on 1p. One is associated with MYCN single-copy tumors and maps distal on 1p36.3. A second, more proximal locus maps to 1p36.1 and is deleted in about 90% of neuroblastomas with MYCN amplification. The cell line UHG-NP has the smallest 1p36 deletion of all neuroblastoma cell lines with MYCN amplifications. We assume that the more proximal locus maps within this deletion, close to its proximal border. Here we present the exact localization of the 1p deletion breakpoint of UHG-NP. A 600-kb PAC contig spanning the breakpoint was analyzed for genes and aberrations. Two more neuroblastoma-associated aberrations were mapped within 150 kb of the UHG-NP breakpoint. Within the contig, we identified nine genes expressed in neuroblastoma cells. One of these genes, AML2, maps 200 kb distal to the UHG-NP breakpoint but is expressed only rarely in neuroblastoma and showed no mutations.