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A longitudinal study of children's juice intake and growth: the juice controversy revisited.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2001 Apr; 101(4):432-7.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To determine associations between children's longitudinal juice intake and growth parameters at age 72 months and to determine children's beverage intake patterns over time.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

White children (n = 72) residing in the vicinity of a Southern US city participated in a longitudinal study.

METHODS

Seven in-home interviews were conducted per child when each child was between 24 and 72 months of age. The 7 sets of 3-day dietary data were analyzed for beverage intake, categorized as juice (100% juice only), milk, carbonated beverages, and other drinks (e.g., lemonade, tea, juice drinks). The following growth parameters were determined for each child at age 72 months: height, weight, body mass index (measured as kg/m2), and ponderal index (measured as kg/m3); the 3 latter are measures of overweight.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Associations between longitudinal juice intake and each growth parameter were tested with general linear models. Repeated measures analysis of variance tested changes in beverage intakes over time.

RESULTS

There were no statistically significant associations between juice and children's height, weight, or body mass index, as tested by general linear models. Children's longitudinal juice intake was negatively related to ponderal index (beta = 0.065, P = .050). Children's juice intake decreased significantly between ages 2 and 6 years, from 6.8 to 3.6 oz/day (P = .0001); intakes of carbonated beverages and other drinks increased from 1.7 to 3.8 oz/day (P = .0016) and from 2.7 to 6.2 oz/day (P = .0001), respectively.

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS

Children's longitudinal juice intake was not associated with either short stature or overweight. As juice consumption decreased, intakes of less nutritious beverages increased. Consumption of 100% juices should be encouraged by health professionals and parents/caregivers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, University of Tennessee, 229 JHB, Knoxville, TN 37996-1900, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11320948

Citation

Skinner, J D., and B R. Carruth. "A Longitudinal Study of Children's Juice Intake and Growth: the Juice Controversy Revisited." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 101, no. 4, 2001, pp. 432-7.
Skinner JD, Carruth BR. A longitudinal study of children's juice intake and growth: the juice controversy revisited. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(4):432-7.
Skinner, J. D., & Carruth, B. R. (2001). A longitudinal study of children's juice intake and growth: the juice controversy revisited. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 101(4), 432-7.
Skinner JD, Carruth BR. A Longitudinal Study of Children's Juice Intake and Growth: the Juice Controversy Revisited. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(4):432-7. PubMed PMID: 11320948.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A longitudinal study of children's juice intake and growth: the juice controversy revisited. AU - Skinner,J D, AU - Carruth,B R, PY - 2001/4/26/pubmed PY - 2001/5/22/medline PY - 2001/4/26/entrez SP - 432 EP - 7 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 101 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine associations between children's longitudinal juice intake and growth parameters at age 72 months and to determine children's beverage intake patterns over time. SUBJECTS/SETTING: White children (n = 72) residing in the vicinity of a Southern US city participated in a longitudinal study. METHODS: Seven in-home interviews were conducted per child when each child was between 24 and 72 months of age. The 7 sets of 3-day dietary data were analyzed for beverage intake, categorized as juice (100% juice only), milk, carbonated beverages, and other drinks (e.g., lemonade, tea, juice drinks). The following growth parameters were determined for each child at age 72 months: height, weight, body mass index (measured as kg/m2), and ponderal index (measured as kg/m3); the 3 latter are measures of overweight. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Associations between longitudinal juice intake and each growth parameter were tested with general linear models. Repeated measures analysis of variance tested changes in beverage intakes over time. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant associations between juice and children's height, weight, or body mass index, as tested by general linear models. Children's longitudinal juice intake was negatively related to ponderal index (beta = 0.065, P = .050). Children's juice intake decreased significantly between ages 2 and 6 years, from 6.8 to 3.6 oz/day (P = .0001); intakes of carbonated beverages and other drinks increased from 1.7 to 3.8 oz/day (P = .0016) and from 2.7 to 6.2 oz/day (P = .0001), respectively. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Children's longitudinal juice intake was not associated with either short stature or overweight. As juice consumption decreased, intakes of less nutritious beverages increased. Consumption of 100% juices should be encouraged by health professionals and parents/caregivers. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11320948/A_longitudinal_study_of_children's_juice_intake_and_growth:_the_juice_controversy_revisited_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(01)00111-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -