[Level of NCF and TNF-alpha in the BALF of ILD patients and their clinical significance].Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 1998 May; 21(5):297-9.ZJ
To investigate the relationship between the level of the neutrophil chemotactic factor(NCF), tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha) in patients with interstitial lung disease(ILD) and the activity of ILD.
The NCF activities in the BALF and in the serum from 11 patients with sarcoidosis, 7 with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and 8 normal subjects were determined using the membrane filter and radio-immunoassay. The level of TNF-alpha was also detected.
In the 7 IPF patients, the level of NCF and TNF-alpha (203 +/- 44 cells/10 HP, 11.7 +/- 2.9 ng/L) in the BALF was higher than that in 8 control patients (83 +/- 45 cells/10 HP, 6.5 +/- 1.4 ng/L, P < 0.01). The level of NCF and TNF-alpha in the BALF from 11 patients with sarcoidosis (186 +/- 50 cells/10 HP, 12 +/- 3 ng/L) was highet than those in 8 control patients (P < 0.01). The level of NCF and TNF-alpha in the BALF from patients with IPF was positive correlated with the percentage of neutrophil (NCF: r = 0.89, P < 0.01; TNF-alpha: r = 0.86, P < 0.05). The level of NCF and TNF-alpha in the BALF of patients with sarcoidosis was positive correlated with the percentage of lymphocyte (NCF: r = 0.78, P < 0.01; TNF-alpha: r = 0.73, P < 0.01.
The level of NCF and TNF-alpha in the BALF from patients with IPF and sarcoidosis can act as the marker of the activity of alveolitis of IPF and sarcoidosis.