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Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: results of a national survey.
J Stud Alcohol 2001; 62(2):133-41JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study examines student alcohol use and associated problems, including drinking and driving, at U.S. colleges that ban alcohol for all students on campus.

METHOD

A nationally representative sample of students (N = 11,303, 61% women) attending U.S. colleges completed questionnaires regarding alcohol use and related behaviors in the spring of 1999. The responses of 2,252 students at 19 ban schools were compared with those of 9,051 students at 76 nonban schools.

RESULTS

Students at ban colleges were 30% less likely to be heavy episodic drinkers and more likely to abstain from alcohol. The lower rates of heavy episodic drinking apply to students whether or not they were heavy episodic drinkers in high school. However, among drinkers, students at ban schools engaged in as much extreme drinking as drinkers at schools that do not ban alcohol and experienced the same rate of alcohol-related problems. At schools that ban alcohol, fewer students experienced secondhand effects of the drinking of others than did students at nonban schools. Students at ban schools were not more likely to drink and drive than were students at nonban schools.

CONCLUSIONS

A campus ban on alcohol may support abstention from alcohol use and reduce heavy episodic drinking and the associated secondhand effects in college. Since this is a correlational study, we cannot determine whether the lower rates of heavy episodic drinking are due to the ban or to other factors (e.g., self-selection of students to these schools). Ban schools do not enroll fewer high school heavy episodic drinkers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. hwechsle@hsph.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11327179

Citation

Wechsler, H, et al. "Alcohol Use and Problems at Colleges Banning Alcohol: Results of a National Survey." Journal of Studies On Alcohol, vol. 62, no. 2, 2001, pp. 133-41.
Wechsler H, Lee JE, Gledhill-Hoyt J, et al. Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: results of a national survey. J Stud Alcohol. 2001;62(2):133-41.
Wechsler, H., Lee, J. E., Gledhill-Hoyt, J., & Nelson, T. F. (2001). Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: results of a national survey. Journal of Studies On Alcohol, 62(2), pp. 133-41.
Wechsler H, et al. Alcohol Use and Problems at Colleges Banning Alcohol: Results of a National Survey. J Stud Alcohol. 2001;62(2):133-41. PubMed PMID: 11327179.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: results of a national survey. AU - Wechsler,H, AU - Lee,J E, AU - Gledhill-Hoyt,J, AU - Nelson,T F, PY - 2001/5/1/pubmed PY - 2001/9/14/medline PY - 2001/5/1/entrez SP - 133 EP - 41 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol JO - J. Stud. Alcohol VL - 62 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examines student alcohol use and associated problems, including drinking and driving, at U.S. colleges that ban alcohol for all students on campus. METHOD: A nationally representative sample of students (N = 11,303, 61% women) attending U.S. colleges completed questionnaires regarding alcohol use and related behaviors in the spring of 1999. The responses of 2,252 students at 19 ban schools were compared with those of 9,051 students at 76 nonban schools. RESULTS: Students at ban colleges were 30% less likely to be heavy episodic drinkers and more likely to abstain from alcohol. The lower rates of heavy episodic drinking apply to students whether or not they were heavy episodic drinkers in high school. However, among drinkers, students at ban schools engaged in as much extreme drinking as drinkers at schools that do not ban alcohol and experienced the same rate of alcohol-related problems. At schools that ban alcohol, fewer students experienced secondhand effects of the drinking of others than did students at nonban schools. Students at ban schools were not more likely to drink and drive than were students at nonban schools. CONCLUSIONS: A campus ban on alcohol may support abstention from alcohol use and reduce heavy episodic drinking and the associated secondhand effects in college. Since this is a correlational study, we cannot determine whether the lower rates of heavy episodic drinking are due to the ban or to other factors (e.g., self-selection of students to these schools). Ban schools do not enroll fewer high school heavy episodic drinkers. SN - 0096-882X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11327179/Alcohol_use_and_problems_at_colleges_banning_alcohol:_results_of_a_national_survey_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/10.15288/jsa.2001.62.133 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -