[The role of polysaccharide-containing components of the Azospirillum brasilense capsule in adsorbing bacteria on wheat seedling roots].Mikrobiologiia. 2001 Jan-Feb; 70(1):45-50.M
Azospirillum brasilense cells deprived of capsular exopolysaccharides completely lost their ability to bind wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and much of their ability to attach to wheat seedling roots. The decapsulation of bacterial cells by washing them with a NaCl solution led to an increase in the relative hydrophobicity of the cell surface. The pretreatment of wheat seedling roots with N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) or the GlcNAc-containing polysaccharide complexes stripped from Azospirillum cells reduced their attachment to the roots. Under the experimental conditions, 3-h incubation of wheat seedling roots with exponential-phase azospirilla, bacterial adsorption is mainly driven by the attachment of the cells to the roots, whose operation is due to the capsular polysaccharide components and the WGA present on the wheat seedling roots.