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Pacifier use and the occurrence of otitis media in the first year of life.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to assess pacifier use as a risk factor for otitis media during the first year of life.

METHODS

A volunteer cohort of 1,375 infants was recruited from eight hospital postpartum units in Iowa. Parents were asked to provide detailed information on their child's health at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. Questions were posed concerning occurrence of specific childhood illnesses, including otitis media, at each time point, as well as other factors.

RESULTS

Over 70% of children were reported to have experienced one or more episodes of otitis media during their first year of life, with its occurrence much more common during the second six months. Multivariate analyses using Generalized Estimating Equations assessed factors associated with otitis media during the entire 12-month period. These analyses showed that pacifier use, age, male sex, greater number of childcare days, and higher family incomes were significantly associated with occurrence of otitis media.

CONCLUSIONS

Multivariate analyses found that the occurrence of otitis media was associated with pacifier use, one of few modifiable risk factors for otitis media.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, University of Iowa, USA. john-warren@uiowa.edu

, , ,

Source

Pediatric dentistry 23:2 pg 103-7

MeSH

Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Care
Infant Equipment
Iowa
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Otitis Media
Risk Factors

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11340716

Citation

Warren, J J., et al. "Pacifier Use and the Occurrence of Otitis Media in the First Year of Life." Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 23, no. 2, 2001, pp. 103-7.
Warren JJ, Levy SM, Kirchner HL, et al. Pacifier use and the occurrence of otitis media in the first year of life. Pediatr Dent. 2001;23(2):103-7.
Warren, J. J., Levy, S. M., Kirchner, H. L., Nowak, A. J., & Bergus, G. R. (2001). Pacifier use and the occurrence of otitis media in the first year of life. Pediatric Dentistry, 23(2), pp. 103-7.
Warren JJ, et al. Pacifier Use and the Occurrence of Otitis Media in the First Year of Life. Pediatr Dent. 2001;23(2):103-7. PubMed PMID: 11340716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pacifier use and the occurrence of otitis media in the first year of life. AU - Warren,J J, AU - Levy,S M, AU - Kirchner,H L, AU - Nowak,A J, AU - Bergus,G R, PY - 2001/5/9/pubmed PY - 2001/9/14/medline PY - 2001/5/9/entrez SP - 103 EP - 7 JF - Pediatric dentistry JO - Pediatr Dent VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess pacifier use as a risk factor for otitis media during the first year of life. METHODS: A volunteer cohort of 1,375 infants was recruited from eight hospital postpartum units in Iowa. Parents were asked to provide detailed information on their child's health at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. Questions were posed concerning occurrence of specific childhood illnesses, including otitis media, at each time point, as well as other factors. RESULTS: Over 70% of children were reported to have experienced one or more episodes of otitis media during their first year of life, with its occurrence much more common during the second six months. Multivariate analyses using Generalized Estimating Equations assessed factors associated with otitis media during the entire 12-month period. These analyses showed that pacifier use, age, male sex, greater number of childcare days, and higher family incomes were significantly associated with occurrence of otitis media. CONCLUSIONS: Multivariate analyses found that the occurrence of otitis media was associated with pacifier use, one of few modifiable risk factors for otitis media. SN - 0164-1263 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11340716/Pacifier_use_and_the_occurrence_of_otitis_media_in_the_first_year_of_life_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/earinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -