The Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP): ten year empirical support for critical incident stress management (CISM).Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2001 Winter; 3(1):5-10.IJ
Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) refers to an integrated comprehensive, multicomponent, crisis intervention approach for addressing the psychological aftermath of critical incidents. It includes pre-incident training, acute crisis intervention, and post-incident responses. The Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP) is a voluntary, system-wide, peer-help, crisis intervention program for staff victims of patient assaults. ASAP is a CISM approach, and this paper evaluated fourteen empirical studies of ASAP to assess the empirical justification for ASAP and CISM approaches, which demonstrated a 25%-62% reduction in staff assaults.