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Hyperlipidaemia is associated with increased insulin-mediated glucose metabolism, reduced fatty acid metabolism and normal blood pressure in transgenic mice overexpressing human apolipoprotein C1.
Diabetologia 2001; 44(4):437-43D

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS

Insulin resistance for glucose metabolism is associated with hyperlipidaemia and high blood pressure. In this study we investigated the effect of primary hyperlipidaemia on basal and insulin-mediated glucose and on non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) metabolism and mean arterial pressure in hyperlipidaemic transgenic mice overexpressing apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1). Previous studies have shown that APOC1 transgenic mice develop hyperlipidaemia primarily because of an impaired hepatic uptake of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL).

METHODS

Basal and hyperinsulinaemic (6 mU.kg-1.min-1), euglycaemic (7 mmol/l) clamps with 3(-)3H-glucose or 9,10(-)3H-palmitic acid infusions and in situ freeze clamped tissue collection were carried out.

RESULTS

The APOC1 mice showed increased basal plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, NEFA and decreased glucose concentrations compared with wild-type mice (7.0 +/- 1.2 vs 1.6 +/- 0.1, 9.1 +/- 2.3 vs 0.6 +/- 0.1, 1.9 +/- 0.2 vs 0.9 +/- 0.1 and 7.0 +/- 1.0 vs 10.0 +/- 1.1 mmol/l, respectively, p < 0.05). Basal whole body glucose clearance was increased twofold in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (18 +/- 2 vs 10 +/- 1 ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05). Insulin-mediated whole body glucose uptake, glycolysis (generation of 3H2O) and glucose storage increased in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (339 +/- 28 vs 200 +/- 11; 183 +/- 39 vs 128 +/- 17 and 156 +/- 44 vs 72 +/- 17 mumol.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05, respectively), corresponding with a twofold to threefold increase in skeletal muscle glycogenesis and de novo lipogenesis from 3-(3)H-glucose in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (p < 0.05). Basal whole body NEFA clearance was decreased threefold in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (98 +/- 21 vs 314 +/- 88 ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05). Insulin-mediated whole body NEFA uptake, NEFA oxidation (generation of 3H2O) and NEFA storage were lower in APOC1 mice than in wild-type mice (15 +/- 3 vs 33 +/- 6; 3 +/- 2 vs 11 +/- 4 and 12 +/- 2 vs 22 +/- 4 mumol.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05) in the face of higher plasma NEFA concentrations (1.3 +/- 0.3 vs 0.5 +/- 0.1 mmol/l, p < 0.05), respectively. Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were similar in APOC1 vs wild-type mice (82 +/- 4 vs 85 +/- 3 mm Hg and 459 +/- 14 vs 484 +/- 11 beats.min-1).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION

1) Hyperlipidaemic APOC1 mice show reduced NEFA and increased glucose metabolism under both basal and insulin-mediated conditions, suggesting an intrinsic defect in NEFA metabolism. Primary hyperlipidaemia alone in APOC1 mice does not lead to insulin resistance for glucose metabolism and high blood pressure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

ID TNO Animal Nutrition, Institute for Animal Science and Health, Lelystad, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11357474

Citation

Koopmans, S J., et al. "Hyperlipidaemia Is Associated With Increased Insulin-mediated Glucose Metabolism, Reduced Fatty Acid Metabolism and Normal Blood Pressure in Transgenic Mice Overexpressing Human Apolipoprotein C1." Diabetologia, vol. 44, no. 4, 2001, pp. 437-43.
Koopmans SJ, Jong MC, Que I, et al. Hyperlipidaemia is associated with increased insulin-mediated glucose metabolism, reduced fatty acid metabolism and normal blood pressure in transgenic mice overexpressing human apolipoprotein C1. Diabetologia. 2001;44(4):437-43.
Koopmans, S. J., Jong, M. C., Que, I., Dahlmans, V. E., Pijl, H., Radder, J. K., ... Havekes, L. M. (2001). Hyperlipidaemia is associated with increased insulin-mediated glucose metabolism, reduced fatty acid metabolism and normal blood pressure in transgenic mice overexpressing human apolipoprotein C1. Diabetologia, 44(4), pp. 437-43.
Koopmans SJ, et al. Hyperlipidaemia Is Associated With Increased Insulin-mediated Glucose Metabolism, Reduced Fatty Acid Metabolism and Normal Blood Pressure in Transgenic Mice Overexpressing Human Apolipoprotein C1. Diabetologia. 2001;44(4):437-43. PubMed PMID: 11357474.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hyperlipidaemia is associated with increased insulin-mediated glucose metabolism, reduced fatty acid metabolism and normal blood pressure in transgenic mice overexpressing human apolipoprotein C1. AU - Koopmans,S J, AU - Jong,M C, AU - Que,I, AU - Dahlmans,V E, AU - Pijl,H, AU - Radder,J K, AU - Frölich,M, AU - Havekes,L M, PY - 2001/5/19/pubmed PY - 2001/10/5/medline PY - 2001/5/19/entrez SP - 437 EP - 43 JF - Diabetologia JO - Diabetologia VL - 44 IS - 4 N2 - AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insulin resistance for glucose metabolism is associated with hyperlipidaemia and high blood pressure. In this study we investigated the effect of primary hyperlipidaemia on basal and insulin-mediated glucose and on non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) metabolism and mean arterial pressure in hyperlipidaemic transgenic mice overexpressing apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1). Previous studies have shown that APOC1 transgenic mice develop hyperlipidaemia primarily because of an impaired hepatic uptake of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL). METHODS: Basal and hyperinsulinaemic (6 mU.kg-1.min-1), euglycaemic (7 mmol/l) clamps with 3(-)3H-glucose or 9,10(-)3H-palmitic acid infusions and in situ freeze clamped tissue collection were carried out. RESULTS: The APOC1 mice showed increased basal plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, NEFA and decreased glucose concentrations compared with wild-type mice (7.0 +/- 1.2 vs 1.6 +/- 0.1, 9.1 +/- 2.3 vs 0.6 +/- 0.1, 1.9 +/- 0.2 vs 0.9 +/- 0.1 and 7.0 +/- 1.0 vs 10.0 +/- 1.1 mmol/l, respectively, p < 0.05). Basal whole body glucose clearance was increased twofold in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (18 +/- 2 vs 10 +/- 1 ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05). Insulin-mediated whole body glucose uptake, glycolysis (generation of 3H2O) and glucose storage increased in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (339 +/- 28 vs 200 +/- 11; 183 +/- 39 vs 128 +/- 17 and 156 +/- 44 vs 72 +/- 17 mumol.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05, respectively), corresponding with a twofold to threefold increase in skeletal muscle glycogenesis and de novo lipogenesis from 3-(3)H-glucose in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (p < 0.05). Basal whole body NEFA clearance was decreased threefold in APOC1 mice compared with wild-type mice (98 +/- 21 vs 314 +/- 88 ml.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05). Insulin-mediated whole body NEFA uptake, NEFA oxidation (generation of 3H2O) and NEFA storage were lower in APOC1 mice than in wild-type mice (15 +/- 3 vs 33 +/- 6; 3 +/- 2 vs 11 +/- 4 and 12 +/- 2 vs 22 +/- 4 mumol.kg-1.min-1, p < 0.05) in the face of higher plasma NEFA concentrations (1.3 +/- 0.3 vs 0.5 +/- 0.1 mmol/l, p < 0.05), respectively. Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were similar in APOC1 vs wild-type mice (82 +/- 4 vs 85 +/- 3 mm Hg and 459 +/- 14 vs 484 +/- 11 beats.min-1). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: 1) Hyperlipidaemic APOC1 mice show reduced NEFA and increased glucose metabolism under both basal and insulin-mediated conditions, suggesting an intrinsic defect in NEFA metabolism. Primary hyperlipidaemia alone in APOC1 mice does not lead to insulin resistance for glucose metabolism and high blood pressure. SN - 0012-186X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11357474/Hyperlipidaemia_is_associated_with_increased_insulin_mediated_glucose_metabolism_reduced_fatty_acid_metabolism_and_normal_blood_pressure_in_transgenic_mice_overexpressing_human_apolipoprotein_C1_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001250051641 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -