Frontal sinus osteoma associated with cerebral abscess formation: a case report.Surg Neurol. 2001 Apr; 55(4):235-9.SN
Osteomas of the paranasal sinuses rarely lead to intracranial manifestations. We present an unusual case of a frontal sinus osteoma leading to intracerebral abscess formation.
A 51-year-old Hispanic man presented with increasing frontal headaches, new onset seizure, lethargy, global dysphasia, and unilateral hemiparesis. CSF studies demonstrated mild pleocytosis. Neuroradiological studies revealed an opacity filling the left frontal sinus, as well as a ring-enhancing mass with surrounding edema in the left frontal lobe. The patient was surgically treated with a left frontal osteoplastic craniotomy and removal of the abscess and bony mass. Intraoperative cultures were positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pathology revealed bony tumor consistent with osteoma. The patient's neurological status improved to baseline after surgery.
The frontal sinus osteoma was associated with rapid development of a frontal lobe abscess, requiring emergent surgical debridement. Although rare, intracerebral manifestations should be considered and expected as a cause of new neurological deficits in the presence of paranasal sinus osteoma.