Endometrial adenocarcinoma and polycystic ovary syndrome: risk factors, management, and prognosis.South Med J. 2001 May; 94(5):529-31.SM
This report presents the development of endometrial adenocarcinoma after diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in three premenopausal women. Such cases illustrate the increased potential for endometrial hyperplasia and malignancy in the setting of chronic anovulation associated with PCOS and underscore the need for prompt identification and treatment. Attention to endometrial thickness (as measured by transvaginal sonogram) and elevated insulin level (as measured by fasting plasma insulin) can improve clinical surveillance of both conditions and preserve reproductive potential for women with PCOS.