The role of endogenous nitric oxide in inhibition of ischemia/reperfusion-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2001; 39(2):179-80.FH
The effect of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition on apoptosis of cardiomyocytes during ischemia/reperfusion was investigated. Isolated perfused guinea-pig hearts were subjected to 35 min ischemia (I) followed by 30 min reperfusion (IR) in the presence or absence of NO synthase inhibitors, L-NAME or L-NMMA or a superoxide scavenger, SOD. Apoptosis was assessed by immunohistochemistry (TUNEL assay, Bax protein staining), by spectrophotometric measurement of cytochrome oxidase activity (COX), and by ultrastructural analysis. Inhibition of NOS significantly increased apoptosis with activation of Bax protein and decrease of COX. SOD infusion had a protective effect on these apoptotic markers. The results suggest that endogenous NO synthesis during I/R protects the heart against apoptotic cell death.