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Modified short-course chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a preliminary report.
Afr J Med Med Sci 2000; 29(1):51-3AJ

Abstract

Over a 3 year period 3rd of April 1995 and 6th of April 1998 a controlled clinical trial of the modified short-course chemotherapy (SSC) in newly diagnosed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Nigeria was carried out. Between The SCC used was the one adopted from World Health Organisation/International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for developing countries by the Nigerian National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTLCP). The regimen used consisted of streptomycin (S), isoniazid (H), Rifampicin (R) and pyrazinamide (Z) in the initial or intensive phase of 2 months. Ethambutol (E) was sometimes substituted for streptomycin. The continuation phase was 6 months of thiacetazone, (T) and isoniazid (H), i.e., 2SHRZ/6TH or 2EHRZ/6TH. Sputum conversion was 90% at the second month of treatment and there was no bacteriological relapse after 18 months of follow-up. Side effects were few and consisted mainly of acne vulgaris which occurred in twenty (20.6%) of 97 patients during the continuation phase. It is concluded that the 8-month chemotherapy regimen adopted by NTLCP is efficacious in treatment of smearpositive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11379469

Citation

Ige, O M., et al. "Modified Short-course Chemotherapy of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a Preliminary Report." African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 29, no. 1, 2000, pp. 51-3.
Ige OM, Bakare NA, Onadeko BO. Modified short-course chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a preliminary report. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2000;29(1):51-3.
Ige, O. M., Bakare, N. A., & Onadeko, B. O. (2000). Modified short-course chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a preliminary report. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 29(1), pp. 51-3.
Ige OM, Bakare NA, Onadeko BO. Modified Short-course Chemotherapy of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a Preliminary Report. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2000;29(1):51-3. PubMed PMID: 11379469.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modified short-course chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria--a preliminary report. AU - Ige,O M, AU - Bakare,N A, AU - Onadeko,B O, PY - 2001/5/31/pubmed PY - 2001/6/29/medline PY - 2001/5/31/entrez SP - 51 EP - 3 JF - African journal of medicine and medical sciences JO - Afr J Med Med Sci VL - 29 IS - 1 N2 - Over a 3 year period 3rd of April 1995 and 6th of April 1998 a controlled clinical trial of the modified short-course chemotherapy (SSC) in newly diagnosed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Nigeria was carried out. Between The SCC used was the one adopted from World Health Organisation/International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for developing countries by the Nigerian National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTLCP). The regimen used consisted of streptomycin (S), isoniazid (H), Rifampicin (R) and pyrazinamide (Z) in the initial or intensive phase of 2 months. Ethambutol (E) was sometimes substituted for streptomycin. The continuation phase was 6 months of thiacetazone, (T) and isoniazid (H), i.e., 2SHRZ/6TH or 2EHRZ/6TH. Sputum conversion was 90% at the second month of treatment and there was no bacteriological relapse after 18 months of follow-up. Side effects were few and consisted mainly of acne vulgaris which occurred in twenty (20.6%) of 97 patients during the continuation phase. It is concluded that the 8-month chemotherapy regimen adopted by NTLCP is efficacious in treatment of smearpositive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). SN - 0309-3913 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11379469/Modified_short_course_chemotherapy_of_pulmonary_tuberculosis_in_Ibadan_Nigeria__a_preliminary_report_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7252 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -