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[Prevalence of sleep disorders in school children between 11 and 15 years of age].
Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2001 Apr 17; 113(7-8):235-44.WK

Abstract

Little is known about sleep disorders in children and adolescents that might affect physical and emotional well-being. Depending on age and size of the cohort group, and differences in questionnaires, prevalence varies between 1-43% in international studies. We examined the prevalence of symptoms characteristic of sleep disorders in school aged children with a questionnaire which allows indication of symptoms by the children themselves.

METHODS

An anonymous questionnaire, based on the German Dresden questionnaire, with 22 questions concerning the main symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), general symptoms of para- and insomnia as well as sociodemographic data, was developed. 332 pupils (age: 11-15 y, mean: 12.75 y; median: 12 y; 56% female, 44% male) in 2 high schools in Vienna were investigated.

RESULTS

28% (n = 93/332) of the examined group reported snoring (the main symptom of OSAS) and/or insomnia (night waking almost every night) or parasomnia (nightmares, night terrors or sleepwalking almost every night). 15% (n = 14/93) of this subgroup reported snoring and para- or insomnia coincidentally. Girls were affected more frequently than boys by nocturnal awakening (79% vs. 56%, p < 0.001) and nightmares (64% vs. 52%, p < 0.01). The snoring group (21% (71/332) of all examined children) was affected more frequently by mouth dryness (16% vs. 4%, p < 0.001), pallor (7% vs. 3%, p < 0.01), night sweats (6% vs. 1%, p < 0.05) and from the following sleep disorders: nightmares (10% vs. 2%, p < 0.01), night terrors (4% vs. 1.5%, p < 0.001), sleepwalking (1.4% vs. 1%, p < 0.05) and nocturnal awakening (16% vs. 5%, p < 0.01).

DISCUSSION

Almost every fifth child reports about at least one main symptom characteristic of OSAS. The statistically significant relation between symptoms of OSAS and non-organic sleep disorders shows the necessity of interdisciplinary focusing on sleep disorders. Further epidemiological studies need to be carried out in order to clarify the role of sleep anamnesis in the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders during childhood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

SIDS-Forschungszentrum AKH & Schlaflabor, Abteilung für Neonatologie, Universitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, AKH Wien und Institut für Sozialmedizin, Universität Wien, Osterreich. osman.ipsiroglu@akh-wien.ac.atNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

11383383

Citation

Ipsiroglu, O S., et al. "[Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in School Children Between 11 and 15 Years of Age]." Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, vol. 113, no. 7-8, 2001, pp. 235-44.
Ipsiroglu OS, Fatemi A, Werner I, et al. [Prevalence of sleep disorders in school children between 11 and 15 years of age]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2001;113(7-8):235-44.
Ipsiroglu, O. S., Fatemi, A., Werner, I., Tiefenthaler, M., Urschitz, M. S., & Schwarz, B. (2001). [Prevalence of sleep disorders in school children between 11 and 15 years of age]. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 113(7-8), 235-44.
Ipsiroglu OS, et al. [Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in School Children Between 11 and 15 Years of Age]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2001 Apr 17;113(7-8):235-44. PubMed PMID: 11383383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Prevalence of sleep disorders in school children between 11 and 15 years of age]. AU - Ipsiroglu,O S, AU - Fatemi,A, AU - Werner,I, AU - Tiefenthaler,M, AU - Urschitz,M S, AU - Schwarz,B, PY - 2001/6/1/pubmed PY - 2001/7/13/medline PY - 2001/6/1/entrez SP - 235 EP - 44 JF - Wiener klinische Wochenschrift JO - Wien Klin Wochenschr VL - 113 IS - 7-8 N2 - UNLABELLED: Little is known about sleep disorders in children and adolescents that might affect physical and emotional well-being. Depending on age and size of the cohort group, and differences in questionnaires, prevalence varies between 1-43% in international studies. We examined the prevalence of symptoms characteristic of sleep disorders in school aged children with a questionnaire which allows indication of symptoms by the children themselves. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire, based on the German Dresden questionnaire, with 22 questions concerning the main symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), general symptoms of para- and insomnia as well as sociodemographic data, was developed. 332 pupils (age: 11-15 y, mean: 12.75 y; median: 12 y; 56% female, 44% male) in 2 high schools in Vienna were investigated. RESULTS: 28% (n = 93/332) of the examined group reported snoring (the main symptom of OSAS) and/or insomnia (night waking almost every night) or parasomnia (nightmares, night terrors or sleepwalking almost every night). 15% (n = 14/93) of this subgroup reported snoring and para- or insomnia coincidentally. Girls were affected more frequently than boys by nocturnal awakening (79% vs. 56%, p < 0.001) and nightmares (64% vs. 52%, p < 0.01). The snoring group (21% (71/332) of all examined children) was affected more frequently by mouth dryness (16% vs. 4%, p < 0.001), pallor (7% vs. 3%, p < 0.01), night sweats (6% vs. 1%, p < 0.05) and from the following sleep disorders: nightmares (10% vs. 2%, p < 0.01), night terrors (4% vs. 1.5%, p < 0.001), sleepwalking (1.4% vs. 1%, p < 0.05) and nocturnal awakening (16% vs. 5%, p < 0.01). DISCUSSION: Almost every fifth child reports about at least one main symptom characteristic of OSAS. The statistically significant relation between symptoms of OSAS and non-organic sleep disorders shows the necessity of interdisciplinary focusing on sleep disorders. Further epidemiological studies need to be carried out in order to clarify the role of sleep anamnesis in the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders during childhood. SN - 0043-5325 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11383383/[Prevalence_of_sleep_disorders_in_school_children_between_11_and_15_years_of_age]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/insomnia.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -