On the structure of kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans.Carbohydr Res. 2001 Apr 12; 331(3):271-83.CR
The coil-to-helix transition and temperature dependence of the viscosity of commercial kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans produced by the red algae Sarcothalia crispata, Mazaella laminarioides, and Chondrus crispus were studied using rheometry and optical rotation. The structure of these kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans was determined by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy combined with monosaccharide composition analysis. The coil-to-helix transitions, measured by polarimetry and rheometry, of the kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans are significantly different from those of pure kappa- and iota-carrageenan, and from hand-made mixtures thereof. This provides evidence that the kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans are mixed chains, containing both kappa- and iota-repeating units.