Long-term efficacy after [E1-, polymerase-] adenovirus-mediated transfer of human acid-alpha-glucosidase gene into glycogen storage disease type II knockout mice.Hum Gene Ther. 2001 May 20; 12(8):955-65.HG
Glycogen storage disease type II (GSD-II) is a lethal, autosomal recessive metabolic myopathy caused by a lack of acid-alpha-glucosidase (GAA) activity in the cardiac and skeletal muscles. Absence of adequate intralysosomal GAA activity results in massive amounts of glycogen accumulation in multiple muscle groups, resulting in morbidity and mortality secondary to respiratory embarrassment and/or cardiomyopathy. In a mouse model of GSD-II, we demonstrate that infection of the murine liver with a modified adenovirus (Ad) vector encoding human GAA (hGAA) resulted in long-term persistence of the vector in liver tissues for at least 6 months. Despite both a rapid shutdown of hGAA mRNA expression from the vector, as well as the elicitation of anti-hGAA antibody responses (hGAA is a foreign antigen in this model), the hGAA secreted by the liver was taken up by all muscle groups analyzed and, remarkably, persisted in them for at least 6 months. The persistence of the protein also correlated with long-term correction of pathologic intramuscular glycogen accumulations in all muscle groups tested, but most notably the cardiac tissues, which demonstrated a significantly decreased glycogen content for at least 190 days after a single vector injection. The results suggest that gene therapy strategies may have the potential to significantly improve the clinical course for GSD-II patients.