Expression in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf21) insect cells of BT-R(1), a cadherin-related receptor from Manduca sexta for Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin.Protein Expr Purif. 2001 Jun; 22(1):141-7.PE
The cadherin-related receptor of Manduca sexta, BT-R(1), for the Cry1A family of Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal toxins, was expressed in cultured Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf21) insect cells utilizing the expression vector deltaOp-gp64. Recombinant BT-R(1) was released by the Sf21 cells in soluble form into the culture medium and represents approximately 58% of total BT-R(1) produced by the cells. The soluble protein was purified by affinity chromatography using Cry1Ab toxin coupled to Sepharose 4B. The apparent molecular mass of purified soluble recombinant BT-R(1) is 195 kDa. Radiolabeled toxin bound to purified soluble BT-R(1) with a K(d) value of 1.1 nM, which is similar to that of both membrane-bound BT-R(1) in Sf21 cells and natural BT-R(1) from M. sexta larval midgut tissue. Binding of radiolabeled toxin to soluble BT-R(1) was competitively inhibited by unlabeled Cry1Ab toxin but not by other Cry toxins as was observed also for membrane-bound BT-R(1). The recombinant soluble protein was stable in culture medium for at least 3 days at 27 degrees C and for 7 days at 4 degrees C and exhibited toxin-binding properties similar to the natural protein. Apparently, neither membrane association nor the extent of glycosylation influences the binding affinity and specificity of BT-R(1). Approximately 1 mg of purified BT-R(1) was obtained per liter of insect cell culture supernatant, representing approximately 2 x 10(9) Sf21 cells.