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Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up.
Prev Med. 2001 Jun; 32(6):465-75.PM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The effects and constancy of a worksite physical exercise intervention were examined in relation to the physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability of female service workers during periods of 1 and 5 years.

METHODS

The subjects comprised female home care workers divided into an intervention group (n = 50, mean age 41.8 (SD 10.4) years) and a control group (n = 37, mean age 43.3 (SD 8.8) years). The intervention group participated in 9 months of supervised exercise intervention twice a week during the workday. Functional capacity, perceived health, and work ability were assessed at the beginning of the study and after a 1- and a 5-year period of follow-up.

RESULTS

In the 1-year follow-up measurements, body fat had decreased (4%) and dynamic muscle performance and maximal oxygen consumption in relation to body mass (30-38 and 7%, respectively) had increased in the intervention group. The differences in outcome variables between the intervention and the control groups were significant (from P = 0.014 to P < 0.001). These positive effects of worksite exercise were observed despite the age of the subjects, and the changes were consistent during a 5-year period. In the control group the decline of the work ability index (L smean) was about three times faster than in the intervention group during the 5-year period.

CONCLUSIONS

Physical exercise executed in work units can be used to improve the physical capacity of female home care aides and prevent the early decline of their work ability. In jobs that are physically demanding, such as home care work, early prevention must start before the age-related deterioration of health and physical capacity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIN-01620 Vantaa, Finland. tiina.pohjonen@occuphealth.fiNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11394950

Citation

Pohjonen, T, and R Ranta. "Effects of Worksite Physical Exercise Intervention On Physical Fitness, Perceived Health Status, and Work Ability Among Home Care Workers: Five-year Follow-up." Preventive Medicine, vol. 32, no. 6, 2001, pp. 465-75.
Pohjonen T, Ranta R. Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up. Prev Med. 2001;32(6):465-75.
Pohjonen, T., & Ranta, R. (2001). Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up. Preventive Medicine, 32(6), 465-75.
Pohjonen T, Ranta R. Effects of Worksite Physical Exercise Intervention On Physical Fitness, Perceived Health Status, and Work Ability Among Home Care Workers: Five-year Follow-up. Prev Med. 2001;32(6):465-75. PubMed PMID: 11394950.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up. AU - Pohjonen,T, AU - Ranta,R, PY - 2001/6/8/pubmed PY - 2001/8/24/medline PY - 2001/6/8/entrez SP - 465 EP - 75 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 32 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The effects and constancy of a worksite physical exercise intervention were examined in relation to the physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability of female service workers during periods of 1 and 5 years. METHODS: The subjects comprised female home care workers divided into an intervention group (n = 50, mean age 41.8 (SD 10.4) years) and a control group (n = 37, mean age 43.3 (SD 8.8) years). The intervention group participated in 9 months of supervised exercise intervention twice a week during the workday. Functional capacity, perceived health, and work ability were assessed at the beginning of the study and after a 1- and a 5-year period of follow-up. RESULTS: In the 1-year follow-up measurements, body fat had decreased (4%) and dynamic muscle performance and maximal oxygen consumption in relation to body mass (30-38 and 7%, respectively) had increased in the intervention group. The differences in outcome variables between the intervention and the control groups were significant (from P = 0.014 to P < 0.001). These positive effects of worksite exercise were observed despite the age of the subjects, and the changes were consistent during a 5-year period. In the control group the decline of the work ability index (L smean) was about three times faster than in the intervention group during the 5-year period. CONCLUSIONS: Physical exercise executed in work units can be used to improve the physical capacity of female home care aides and prevent the early decline of their work ability. In jobs that are physically demanding, such as home care work, early prevention must start before the age-related deterioration of health and physical capacity. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11394950/Effects_of_worksite_physical_exercise_intervention_on_physical_fitness_perceived_health_status_and_work_ability_among_home_care_workers:_five_year_follow_up_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(01)90837-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -