Efficient vir gene induction in Agrobacterium tumefaciens requires virA, virG, and vir box from the same Ti plasmid.J Bacteriol. 2001 Jul; 183(13):4079-89.JB
The vir genes of octopine, nopaline, and L,L-succinamopine Ti plasmids exhibit structural and functional similarities. However, we observed differences in the interactions between octopine and nopaline vir components. The induction of an octopine virE(A6)::lacZ fusion (pSM358cd) was 2.3-fold higher in an octopine strain (A348) than in a nopaline strain (C58). Supplementation of the octopine virG(A6) in a nopaline strain with pSM358 did not completely restore virE(A6) induction. However, addition of the octopine virA(A6) to the above strain increased virE(A6) induction to a level almost comparable to that in octopine strains. In a reciprocal analysis, the induction of a nopaline virE(C58)::cat fusion (pUCD1553) was two- to threefold higher in nopaline (C58 and T37) strains than in octopine (A348 and Ach5) and L,L-succinamopine (A281) strains. Supplementation of nopaline virA(C58) and virG(C58) in an octopine strain (A348) harboring pUCD1553 increased induction levels of virE(C58)::cat fusion to a level comparable to that in a nopaline strain (C58). Our results suggest that octopine and L,L-succinamopine VirG proteins induce the octopine virE(A6) more efficiently than they do the nopaline virE(C58). Conversely, the nopaline VirG protein induces the nopaline virE(C58) more efficiently than it does the octopine virE(A6). The ability of Bo542 virG to bring about supervirulence in tobacco is observed for an octopine vir helper (LBA4404) but not for a nopaline vir helper (PMP90). Our analyses reveal that quantitative differences exist in the interactions between VirG and vir boxes of different Ti plasmids. Efficient vir gene induction in octopine and nopaline strains requires virA, virG, and vir boxes from the respective Ti plasmids.