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Drinking pattern and mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy pooling project.

Abstract

PURPOSE

To analyze the relationship between an aspect of drinking pattern (i.e., drinking with or without meals) and risk of all-cause and specific-cause mortality.

METHODS

The Risk Factors and Life Expectancy Study, is a pooling of a series of epidemiological studies conducted in Italy. Eight-thousand six-hundred and forty-seven men and 6521 women, age 30-59 at baseline, and free of cardiovascular disease, were followed for mortality from all causes, cardiovascular and noncardiovascular, during an average follow-up of 7 years.

RESULTS

Drinkers of wine outside meals exhibited higher death rates from all causes, noncardiovascular diseases, and cancer, as compared to drinkers of wine with meals. This association was independent from the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors measured at baseline and the amount of alcohol consumed and seemed to be stronger in women as compared to men.

CONCLUSIONS

The present results indicate that drinking patterns may have important health implications, and attention should be given to this aspect of alcohol use and its relationship to health outcomes. The relationship between alcohol consumption and disease has been the focus of intensive scientific investigation (1-9). Most studies to date, however, have limitations. A major drawback is that limited information has been collected regarding the complex issue of alcohol consumption. In many studies, ascertainment of alcohol consumption frequently focused only on quantity of alcohol consumed without considering the many different components of alcohol consumption, particularly drinking pattern (10-12). It has been hypothesized, and preliminary data support the notion, that drinking pattern could have important influences on determining the health effects of alcohol (13,14). The present study examines the relationship between one aspect of drinking pattern (drinking wine outside meals) and mortality in a large cohort of men and women.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. tervisan@buffalo.edu

    , , , ,

    Source

    Annals of epidemiology 11:5 2001 Jul pg 312-9

    MeSH

    Adult
    Alcohol Drinking
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Cause of Death
    Coronary Disease
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Italy
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Neoplasms
    Proportional Hazards Models
    Risk Factors
    Sex Distribution
    Stroke
    Wine

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11399445

    Citation

    Trevisan, M, et al. "Drinking Pattern and Mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy Pooling Project." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 11, no. 5, 2001, pp. 312-9.
    Trevisan M, Schisterman E, Mennotti A, et al. Drinking pattern and mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy pooling project. Ann Epidemiol. 2001;11(5):312-9.
    Trevisan, M., Schisterman, E., Mennotti, A., Farchi, G., & Conti, S. (2001). Drinking pattern and mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy pooling project. Annals of Epidemiology, 11(5), pp. 312-9.
    Trevisan M, et al. Drinking Pattern and Mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy Pooling Project. Ann Epidemiol. 2001;11(5):312-9. PubMed PMID: 11399445.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Drinking pattern and mortality: the Italian Risk Factor and Life Expectancy pooling project. AU - Trevisan,M, AU - Schisterman,E, AU - Mennotti,A, AU - Farchi,G, AU - Conti,S, AU - ,, PY - 2001/6/12/pubmed PY - 2001/8/10/medline PY - 2001/6/12/entrez SP - 312 EP - 9 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 11 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between an aspect of drinking pattern (i.e., drinking with or without meals) and risk of all-cause and specific-cause mortality. METHODS: The Risk Factors and Life Expectancy Study, is a pooling of a series of epidemiological studies conducted in Italy. Eight-thousand six-hundred and forty-seven men and 6521 women, age 30-59 at baseline, and free of cardiovascular disease, were followed for mortality from all causes, cardiovascular and noncardiovascular, during an average follow-up of 7 years. RESULTS: Drinkers of wine outside meals exhibited higher death rates from all causes, noncardiovascular diseases, and cancer, as compared to drinkers of wine with meals. This association was independent from the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors measured at baseline and the amount of alcohol consumed and seemed to be stronger in women as compared to men. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that drinking patterns may have important health implications, and attention should be given to this aspect of alcohol use and its relationship to health outcomes. The relationship between alcohol consumption and disease has been the focus of intensive scientific investigation (1-9). Most studies to date, however, have limitations. A major drawback is that limited information has been collected regarding the complex issue of alcohol consumption. In many studies, ascertainment of alcohol consumption frequently focused only on quantity of alcohol consumed without considering the many different components of alcohol consumption, particularly drinking pattern (10-12). It has been hypothesized, and preliminary data support the notion, that drinking pattern could have important influences on determining the health effects of alcohol (13,14). The present study examines the relationship between one aspect of drinking pattern (drinking wine outside meals) and mortality in a large cohort of men and women. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11399445/Drinking_pattern_and_mortality:_the_Italian_Risk_Factor_and_Life_Expectancy_pooling_project_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(00)00183-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -