Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances.
Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33(6):1011-25MS

Abstract

PURPOSE

The effects of resistance training programs on strength, power, and military occupational task performances in women were examined.

METHODS

Untrained women aged (mean +/- SD) 23 +/- 4 yr were matched and randomly placed in total- (TP, N = 17 and TH, N = 18) or upper-body resistance training (UP, N = 18 and UH, N = 15), field (FLD, N = 14), or aerobic training groups (AER, N = 11). Two periodized resistance training programs (with supplemental aerobic training) emphasized explosive exercise movements using 3- to 8-RM training loads (TP, UP), whereas the other two emphasized slower exercise movements using 8- to 12-RM loads (TH, UH). The FLD group performed plyometric and partner exercises. Subjects were tested for body composition, strength, power, endurance, maximal and repetitive box lift, 2-mile loaded run, and U.S. Army Physical Fitness Tests before (T0) and after 3 (T3) and 6 months of training (T6). For comparison, untrained men (N = 100) (MEN) were tested once.

RESULTS

Specific training programs resulted in significant increases in body mass (TP), 1-RM squat (TP, TH, FLD), bench press (all except AER), high pull (TP), squat jump (TP, TH, FLD), bench throw (all except AER), squat endurance (all except AER), 1-RM box lift (all except aerobic), repetitive box lift (all), push-ups (all except AER), sit-ups (all except AER), and 2-mile run (all).

CONCLUSIONS

Strength training improved physical performances of women over 6 months and adaptations in strength, power, and endurance were specific to the subtle differences (e.g., exercise choice and speeds of exercise movement) in the resistance training programs (strength/power vs strength/hypertrophy). Upper- and total-body resistance training resulted in similar improvements in occupational task performances, especially in tasks that involved upper-body musculature. Finally, gender differences in physical performance measures were reduced after resistance training in women, which underscores the importance of such training for physically demanding occupations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory for Sports Medicine/Center for Sports Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. wkraemer@bsu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11404668

Citation

Kraemer, W J., et al. "Effect of Resistance Training On Women's Strength/power and Occupational Performances." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 33, no. 6, 2001, pp. 1011-25.
Kraemer WJ, Mazzetti SA, Nindl BC, et al. Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(6):1011-25.
Kraemer, W. J., Mazzetti, S. A., Nindl, B. C., Gotshalk, L. A., Volek, J. S., Bush, J. A., ... Häkkinen, K. (2001). Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(6), pp. 1011-25.
Kraemer WJ, et al. Effect of Resistance Training On Women's Strength/power and Occupational Performances. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(6):1011-25. PubMed PMID: 11404668.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of resistance training on women's strength/power and occupational performances. AU - Kraemer,W J, AU - Mazzetti,S A, AU - Nindl,B C, AU - Gotshalk,L A, AU - Volek,J S, AU - Bush,J A, AU - Marx,J O, AU - Dohi,K, AU - Gómez,A L, AU - Miles,M, AU - Fleck,S J, AU - Newton,R U, AU - Häkkinen,K, PY - 2001/6/19/pubmed PY - 2001/8/24/medline PY - 2001/6/19/entrez SP - 1011 EP - 25 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 33 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: The effects of resistance training programs on strength, power, and military occupational task performances in women were examined. METHODS: Untrained women aged (mean +/- SD) 23 +/- 4 yr were matched and randomly placed in total- (TP, N = 17 and TH, N = 18) or upper-body resistance training (UP, N = 18 and UH, N = 15), field (FLD, N = 14), or aerobic training groups (AER, N = 11). Two periodized resistance training programs (with supplemental aerobic training) emphasized explosive exercise movements using 3- to 8-RM training loads (TP, UP), whereas the other two emphasized slower exercise movements using 8- to 12-RM loads (TH, UH). The FLD group performed plyometric and partner exercises. Subjects were tested for body composition, strength, power, endurance, maximal and repetitive box lift, 2-mile loaded run, and U.S. Army Physical Fitness Tests before (T0) and after 3 (T3) and 6 months of training (T6). For comparison, untrained men (N = 100) (MEN) were tested once. RESULTS: Specific training programs resulted in significant increases in body mass (TP), 1-RM squat (TP, TH, FLD), bench press (all except AER), high pull (TP), squat jump (TP, TH, FLD), bench throw (all except AER), squat endurance (all except AER), 1-RM box lift (all except aerobic), repetitive box lift (all), push-ups (all except AER), sit-ups (all except AER), and 2-mile run (all). CONCLUSIONS: Strength training improved physical performances of women over 6 months and adaptations in strength, power, and endurance were specific to the subtle differences (e.g., exercise choice and speeds of exercise movement) in the resistance training programs (strength/power vs strength/hypertrophy). Upper- and total-body resistance training resulted in similar improvements in occupational task performances, especially in tasks that involved upper-body musculature. Finally, gender differences in physical performance measures were reduced after resistance training in women, which underscores the importance of such training for physically demanding occupations. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11404668/Effect_of_resistance_training_on_women's_strength/power_and_occupational_performances_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=11404668 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -