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[Nasal congestion and earache--upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children].
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001 Apr 30; 121(11):1329-32.TN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few population-based studies in Norway have addressed upper respiratory infections in children.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

A questionnaire concerning health, diseases and living condition was administered to parents of all four-year-old children in Vestfold county (n = 1912). Participation rate was 79%.

RESULTS

Close to one out of three of the children suffered from recurrent common cold (four episodes or more) during the last year. One third experienced otitis at least once, and one out of twenty experienced four episodes of otitis or more. Day-care centre attendance was the only significant risk factor for recurrent common cold (odds ratio 1.50; 95% CI 1.18-1.92) or otitis (odds ratio 1.42; 95% CI 1.12-1.77). The odds ratios were essentially unchanged after logistic regression analysis, when mother's education, housing, other children in the family, passive smoking, and history of breastfeeding were included in the analysis. Children with otitis or recurrent common cold consulted a doctor almost ten times as often as other children.

INTERPRETATION

Day-care centre attendance has significant influence on the occurrence of upper respiratory infections in four-year-olds, but less influence than reported for younger children. Other environmental differences seem to be of little importance and do not represent any potential for prophylaxis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Statens institutt for folkehelse, Postboks 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

nor

PubMed ID

11419100

Citation

Wefring, K W., et al. "[Nasal Congestion and Earache--upper Respiratory Tract Infections in 4-year-old Children]." Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening : Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Raekke, vol. 121, no. 11, 2001, pp. 1329-32.
Wefring KW, Lie KK, Loeb M, et al. [Nasal congestion and earache--upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001;121(11):1329-32.
Wefring, K. W., Lie, K. K., Loeb, M., & Nordhagen, R. (2001). [Nasal congestion and earache--upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening : Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Raekke, 121(11), 1329-32.
Wefring KW, et al. [Nasal Congestion and Earache--upper Respiratory Tract Infections in 4-year-old Children]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001 Apr 30;121(11):1329-32. PubMed PMID: 11419100.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Nasal congestion and earache--upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children]. AU - Wefring,K W, AU - Lie,K K, AU - Loeb,M, AU - Nordhagen,R, PY - 2001/6/23/pubmed PY - 2001/7/20/medline PY - 2001/6/23/entrez SP - 1329 EP - 32 JF - Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke JO - Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen VL - 121 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies in Norway have addressed upper respiratory infections in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire concerning health, diseases and living condition was administered to parents of all four-year-old children in Vestfold county (n = 1912). Participation rate was 79%. RESULTS: Close to one out of three of the children suffered from recurrent common cold (four episodes or more) during the last year. One third experienced otitis at least once, and one out of twenty experienced four episodes of otitis or more. Day-care centre attendance was the only significant risk factor for recurrent common cold (odds ratio 1.50; 95% CI 1.18-1.92) or otitis (odds ratio 1.42; 95% CI 1.12-1.77). The odds ratios were essentially unchanged after logistic regression analysis, when mother's education, housing, other children in the family, passive smoking, and history of breastfeeding were included in the analysis. Children with otitis or recurrent common cold consulted a doctor almost ten times as often as other children. INTERPRETATION: Day-care centre attendance has significant influence on the occurrence of upper respiratory infections in four-year-olds, but less influence than reported for younger children. Other environmental differences seem to be of little importance and do not represent any potential for prophylaxis. SN - 0029-2001 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11419100/[Nasal_congestion_and_earache__upper_respiratory_tract_infections_in_4_year_old_children]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -