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Considerations in planning vegan diets: children.

Abstract

This article reviews research on the growth and nutrient intake of vegan children and provides guidelines for counselling parents of vegan children. Although diets of vegan children meet or exceed recommendations for most nutrients, and vegan children have higher intakes of fiber and lower intakes of total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol than omnivore children, some studies indicate that they may be low in calcium. In addition, bioavailability of zinc and iron from plant foods can be low. Protein needs are slightly higher for vegan children but are easily met with a varied diet that provides adequate energy. Special attention should be given to dietary practices that enhance absorption of zinc and iron from plant foods. Further, good sources of the omega-3 fatty acid linolenic acid should be emphasized to enhance synthesis of the long-chain fatty acid docosahexanoic acid. Dietetics professionals who counsel vegan families should help parents identify good sources of vitamin B-12, riboflavin, zinc, calcium and, if sun exposure is not adequate, vitamin D. This should not be problematic, due to the growing number and availability of fortified vegan foods that can help children meet all nutrient needs. Therefore, with appropriate food choices, vegan diets can be adequate for children at all ages.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nutrition Matters, Inc, 1543 Lincoln St, Port Townsend, WA 98368, USA.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Biological Availability
    Calcium, Dietary
    Child
    Child Development
    Child Nutrition Sciences
    Child, Preschool
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Dietary Proteins
    Fatty Acids, Omega-3
    Female
    Food, Fortified
    Growth
    Humans
    Intestinal Absorption
    Iron, Dietary
    Male
    Riboflavin
    Vitamin B 12
    Vitamin D
    Zinc

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11424545

    Citation

    Messina, V, and A R. Mangels. "Considerations in Planning Vegan Diets: Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 101, no. 6, 2001, pp. 661-9.
    Messina V, Mangels AR. Considerations in planning vegan diets: children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(6):661-9.
    Messina, V., & Mangels, A. R. (2001). Considerations in planning vegan diets: children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 101(6), pp. 661-9.
    Messina V, Mangels AR. Considerations in Planning Vegan Diets: Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(6):661-9. PubMed PMID: 11424545.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Considerations in planning vegan diets: children. AU - Messina,V, AU - Mangels,A R, PY - 2001/6/27/pubmed PY - 2001/7/13/medline PY - 2001/6/27/entrez SP - 661 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 101 IS - 6 N2 - This article reviews research on the growth and nutrient intake of vegan children and provides guidelines for counselling parents of vegan children. Although diets of vegan children meet or exceed recommendations for most nutrients, and vegan children have higher intakes of fiber and lower intakes of total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol than omnivore children, some studies indicate that they may be low in calcium. In addition, bioavailability of zinc and iron from plant foods can be low. Protein needs are slightly higher for vegan children but are easily met with a varied diet that provides adequate energy. Special attention should be given to dietary practices that enhance absorption of zinc and iron from plant foods. Further, good sources of the omega-3 fatty acid linolenic acid should be emphasized to enhance synthesis of the long-chain fatty acid docosahexanoic acid. Dietetics professionals who counsel vegan families should help parents identify good sources of vitamin B-12, riboflavin, zinc, calcium and, if sun exposure is not adequate, vitamin D. This should not be problematic, due to the growing number and availability of fortified vegan foods that can help children meet all nutrient needs. Therefore, with appropriate food choices, vegan diets can be adequate for children at all ages. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11424545/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(01)00167-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -