Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants.
J Am Diet Assoc 2001; 101(6):670-7JA

Abstract

Appropriately planned vegan diets can satisfy nutrient needs of infants. The American Dietetic Association and The American Academy of Pediatrics state that vegan diets can promote normal infant growth. It is important for parents to provide appropriate foods for vegan infants, using guidelines like those in this article. Key considerations when working with vegan families include composition of breast milk from vegan women, appropriate breast milk substitutes, supplements, type and amount of dietary fat, and solid food introduction. Growth of vegan infants appears adequate with post-weaning growth related to dietary adequacy. Breast milk composition is similar to that of non-vegetarians except for fat composition. For the first 4 to 6 months, breast milk should be the sole food with soy-based infant formula as an alternative. Commercial soymilk should not be the primary beverage until after age 1 year. Breastfed vegan infants may need supplements of vitamin B-12 if maternal diet is inadequate; older infants may need zinc supplements and reliable sources of iron and vitamins D and B-12. Timing of solid food introduction is similar to that recommended for non-vegetarians. Tofu, dried beans, and meat analogs are introduced as protein sources around 7-8 months. Vegan diets can be planned to be nutritionally adequate and support growth for infants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, Md., USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11424546

Citation

Mangels, A R., and V Messina. "Considerations in Planning Vegan Diets: Infants." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 101, no. 6, 2001, pp. 670-7.
Mangels AR, Messina V. Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(6):670-7.
Mangels, A. R., & Messina, V. (2001). Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 101(6), pp. 670-7.
Mangels AR, Messina V. Considerations in Planning Vegan Diets: Infants. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(6):670-7. PubMed PMID: 11424546.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants. AU - Mangels,A R, AU - Messina,V, PY - 2001/6/27/pubmed PY - 2001/7/13/medline PY - 2001/6/27/entrez SP - 670 EP - 7 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 101 IS - 6 N2 - Appropriately planned vegan diets can satisfy nutrient needs of infants. The American Dietetic Association and The American Academy of Pediatrics state that vegan diets can promote normal infant growth. It is important for parents to provide appropriate foods for vegan infants, using guidelines like those in this article. Key considerations when working with vegan families include composition of breast milk from vegan women, appropriate breast milk substitutes, supplements, type and amount of dietary fat, and solid food introduction. Growth of vegan infants appears adequate with post-weaning growth related to dietary adequacy. Breast milk composition is similar to that of non-vegetarians except for fat composition. For the first 4 to 6 months, breast milk should be the sole food with soy-based infant formula as an alternative. Commercial soymilk should not be the primary beverage until after age 1 year. Breastfed vegan infants may need supplements of vitamin B-12 if maternal diet is inadequate; older infants may need zinc supplements and reliable sources of iron and vitamins D and B-12. Timing of solid food introduction is similar to that recommended for non-vegetarians. Tofu, dried beans, and meat analogs are introduced as protein sources around 7-8 months. Vegan diets can be planned to be nutritionally adequate and support growth for infants. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11424546/Considerations_in_planning_vegan_diets:_infants_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(01)00169-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -