Adrenergic nerves mediate acetylcholine-induced endothelium-independent vasodilation in the rat mesenteric resistance artery.Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 May 11; 419(2-3):231-42.EJ
Mechanisms underlying acetylcholine-induced endothelium-independent vasodilation were studied in the rat mesenteric vascular bed isolated from Wistar rats. In preparations without endothelium, and contracted by perfusion with Krebs solution containing methoxamine (2-7 microM), perfusion of acetylcholine (1-100 microM) for 1 min produced a concentration-dependent vasodilation. Denervation of denuded preparations by cold storage (4 degrees C for 72 h) abolished the acetylcholine-induced vasodilation; 10 and 100 nM atropine abolished 1 and 10 microM acetylcholine-induced vasodilation, but it inhibited only 20% of vasodilation by 100 microM acetylcholine. The acetylcholine-induced atropine-resistant vasodilation was inhibited by 10 and 100 microM hexamethonium, 5 microM guanethidine, 50 microM bretylium, in vitro 6-hydroxydopamine (2 mM for 20 min, twice), 1 microM capsaicin and 0.5 microM calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-(8-37) (CGRP receptor antagonist). These findings suggest that the acetylcholine-induced endothelium-independent nicotinic vasodilation requires the presence of intact adrenergic nerves, and is mediated by endogenous CGRP released from CGRP-containing nerves.