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Children hospitalized early and increased risk for future serious injury.
Inj Prev. 2001 Jun; 7(2):150-4.IP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine if infants hospitalized for any reason before 90 days of age are at increased risk for future serious injury.

SETTING

Washington State.

METHODS

A population based retrospective cohort study, using data from Washington State birth and death certificates linked to a statewide hospital discharge database for the years 1989 through 1997. Participants included healthy full term infants born in Washington State between 1989 and 1995. A total of 29,466 infants hospitalized <90 days of age (early hospitalization) were compared to 29,750 randomly selected infants not hospitalized early. The primary outcome was an injury resulting in hospitalization or death between 3-24 months.

RESULTS

Among infants hospitalized early, 76/10,000 had a subsequent serious injury before age 2, compared with 47/ 10,000 infants without an early hospitalization (relative risk (RR) 1.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 2.0). In a multivariate model including maternal age and parity, the adjusted RR for serious injury associated with early hospitalization was 1.5 (95% CI 1.2 to 1.8). Infants hospitalized early were three times as likely to be hospitalized between 3-24 months of age for intentional injury compared with infants not hospitalized early (RR 3.3; 95% CI 1.1 to 10.1).

CONCLUSIONS

Infants hospitalized in the first three months of life for any reason were 50% more likely to have a subsequent serious injury compared with infants not hospitalized early and were also at increased risk of intentional injury. This identifiable group of infants might be suitable for targeted childhood injury prevention programs including those involving prenatal and postnatal visits.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. hmcphil@u.washington.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11428564

Citation

McPhilips, H, et al. "Children Hospitalized Early and Increased Risk for Future Serious Injury." Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, vol. 7, no. 2, 2001, pp. 150-4.
McPhilips H, Gallaher M, Koepsell T. Children hospitalized early and increased risk for future serious injury. Inj Prev. 2001;7(2):150-4.
McPhilips, H., Gallaher, M., & Koepsell, T. (2001). Children hospitalized early and increased risk for future serious injury. Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 7(2), 150-4.
McPhilips H, Gallaher M, Koepsell T. Children Hospitalized Early and Increased Risk for Future Serious Injury. Inj Prev. 2001;7(2):150-4. PubMed PMID: 11428564.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children hospitalized early and increased risk for future serious injury. AU - McPhilips,H, AU - Gallaher,M, AU - Koepsell,T, PY - 2001/6/29/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/6/29/entrez SP - 150 EP - 4 JF - Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention JO - Inj Prev VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine if infants hospitalized for any reason before 90 days of age are at increased risk for future serious injury. SETTING: Washington State. METHODS: A population based retrospective cohort study, using data from Washington State birth and death certificates linked to a statewide hospital discharge database for the years 1989 through 1997. Participants included healthy full term infants born in Washington State between 1989 and 1995. A total of 29,466 infants hospitalized <90 days of age (early hospitalization) were compared to 29,750 randomly selected infants not hospitalized early. The primary outcome was an injury resulting in hospitalization or death between 3-24 months. RESULTS: Among infants hospitalized early, 76/10,000 had a subsequent serious injury before age 2, compared with 47/ 10,000 infants without an early hospitalization (relative risk (RR) 1.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 2.0). In a multivariate model including maternal age and parity, the adjusted RR for serious injury associated with early hospitalization was 1.5 (95% CI 1.2 to 1.8). Infants hospitalized early were three times as likely to be hospitalized between 3-24 months of age for intentional injury compared with infants not hospitalized early (RR 3.3; 95% CI 1.1 to 10.1). CONCLUSIONS: Infants hospitalized in the first three months of life for any reason were 50% more likely to have a subsequent serious injury compared with infants not hospitalized early and were also at increased risk of intentional injury. This identifiable group of infants might be suitable for targeted childhood injury prevention programs including those involving prenatal and postnatal visits. SN - 1353-8047 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11428564/Children_hospitalized_early_and_increased_risk_for_future_serious_injury_ L2 - https://ip.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=11428564 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -