Differences in sensitization rates to outdoor aeroallergens, especially citrus red mite (Panonychus citri), between urban and rural children.Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2001; 86(6):691-5AA
A recent investigation has suggested that citrus red mite (Panonychus citri, CRM) is the most important allergen in citrus-cultivating farmers with asthma and allergic rhinitis.
A cross-sectional survey was performed to evaluate the prevalence of asthma and chronic rhinitis symptoms and sensitization to common indoor and outdoor aeroallergens, including CRM and Japanese cedar pollen, in rural and urban Korean children.
A total of 2,055 children (1,055 subjects living in rural areas with citrus farms and 1,000 controls in urban areas without citrus farms) were enrolled. They were evaluated by a questionnaire, and by skin prick tests with 13 common indoor and outdoor aeroallergens, including CRM and Japanese cedar pollen.
The prevalence of wheezing and chronic rhinitis symptoms during the last 12 months was 8.3% and 35.7% in the rural children and 10.5% and 22.4% in the control group. The most common sensitizing allergens in order of decreasing frequency were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (26.6%), Dermatoplagoides farinae (22.7%), CRM (14.2%), cockroach (11.3%), and Japanese cedar pollen (9.7%) among the rural children, but the sensitization rates to CRM and Japanese cedar pollen were 1.3% and 0.2% among the control children, respectively. The prevalence of wheeze during the last 12 months was not different between rural children with sensitization to CRM or Japanese cedar pollen and those without sensitization (5.4% vs 6.1%; 6.9% vs 5.9%). However, the prevalence of chronic rhinitis during the last 12 months was higher among those with sensitization to CRM or to Japanese cedar pollen than among those without sensitization (40.8% vs 34.4%; 51.5% vs 33.5%).
CRM is a common sensitizing allergen in rural children, and the sensitization rates to outdoor aeroallergens, especially CRM and Japanese cedar pollen, are very different between children from rural and urban areas in Korea.