Activation of p38, ERK1/2 and NIK pathways is required for IL-1beta and TNF-alpha-induced chemokine expression in human retinal pigment epithelial cells.Exp Eye Res. 2001 Jul; 73(1):111-21.EE
Chemokine secretion by human retinal pigment epithelium (hRPE) in response to IL-1beta and TNF-alpha occurs in infectious and noninfectious retinal diseases. In this study, the roles of p38 kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways were investigated for IL-1beta- or TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 and MCP-1 secretion by hRPE cells. Treatment of hRPE cells with IL-1beta or TNF-alpha caused increased steady-state IL-8 and MCP-1 mRNA levels and protein secretion. Stimulation of hRPE with IL-1beta and TNF-alpha resulted in degradation of IkappaB-alpha, nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, and prominent increases in p38 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation for as little as 3 min. The induced IL-8 and MCP-1 mRNA and proteins were partially suppressed by U0126, a specific MEK inhibitor, and by SB202190, a selective p38 inhibitor. This induction was completely blocked by simultaneous administration of the two drugs or by incubation with inhibitors for activation of NF-kappaB such as BAY11-7085, CAPE, and parthenolide. These results suggest that co-activation of MEK/ERK and p38 pathways as well as activation of NIK pathway are essential for IL-1beta- and TNF-alpha-stimulation of IL-8 and MCP-1 gene expression in hRPE cells. Furthermore, co-administration of U0126 and SB202190 did not affect the induced degradation of IkappaB-alpha and NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, indicating that NF-kappaB is activated by IL-1beta and TNF-alpha independently of activation of MEK/MAPK and p38 pathways in hRPE cells.