The effect of TGF-beta1 on differential gene expression profiles in human corneal epithelium studied by cDNA expression array.Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Jul; 42(8):1691-7.IO
TGF-betas regulate cell proliferation and differentiation, and they play important roles in maintenance of corneal epithelium. However, the precise function of TGF-betas in the corneal epithelium remains unclear. In this study, cDNA expression array technology was used to demonstrate the effect of TGF-beta1 on the simultaneous expression of a large number of genes in cultured human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs). The change in protein level expression of the specific genes influenced by TGF-beta1 was also investigated.
Human cDNA expression array technology was used to study the simultaneous expression of 1176 specific cellular genes in HCECs incubated with TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml). Moreover, gene-specific semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to confirm the gene expression pattern measured by the cDNA expression array. Western blot analysis was used to examine protein expression of the specific genes in the presence or absence of TGF-beta1.
TGF-beta1 significantly upregulated the expression of 19 genes and significantly downregulated ras-related protein, caspase10, and beta4-integrin in the treated HCECs. The expression of 277 genes including alpha3-integrin, PAI-2, transferrin receptor, and cyclin-D1 was studied. Semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis confirmed the TGF-beta1-mediated changes in expression patterns of these genes. Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that TGF-beta1 remarkably decreased PAI-2, transferrin receptor, and integrin alpha3, and increased caspase10 on the protein level.
TGF-beta1 regulates the expression of specific types of genes in HCECs. These results strongly suggest that TGF-beta1 is critically involved in the maintenance of the corneal epithelium through the control of a network of various signal-transduction pathways.