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Action perception and outcome valence: effects on children's inferences of intentionality and moral and liking judgments.
J Genet Psychol. 2001 Jun; 162(2):154-66.JG

Abstract

The influences of different action-outcome scenarios on children's evaluative judgments and inferences of outcome intentionality were assessed. One hundred forty-five kindergartners, 2nd graders, and 4th graders heard 4 stories about child actors who engaged in 1 action or 3 equifinal actions and caused a positive or negative outcome. The stories made no mention of the actors' anticipated outcome so that we could assess the children's inferences of whether the actors wanted and had tried to cause the outcome. Children also rated their liking for the actors and the actors' morality. Children's moral and liking judgments were not significantly differentiated by action condition. However, actors who caused positive outcomes received favorable liking and moral judgments, and actors who caused negative outcomes received neutral liking and moral judgments. Children's intentionality inferences varied by the actors' actions and were moderated by outcome valence. The authors discuss children's apparent use of the valence rule when inferring intentionality and their reluctance to judge harshly actors who cause negative outcomes when not privy to the actors' intentions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, MO 63103, USA. jonesef@slu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11432601

Citation

Jones, E F., and N R. Thomson. "Action Perception and Outcome Valence: Effects On Children's Inferences of Intentionality and Moral and Liking Judgments." The Journal of Genetic Psychology, vol. 162, no. 2, 2001, pp. 154-66.
Jones EF, Thomson NR. Action perception and outcome valence: effects on children's inferences of intentionality and moral and liking judgments. J Genet Psychol. 2001;162(2):154-66.
Jones, E. F., & Thomson, N. R. (2001). Action perception and outcome valence: effects on children's inferences of intentionality and moral and liking judgments. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 162(2), 154-66.
Jones EF, Thomson NR. Action Perception and Outcome Valence: Effects On Children's Inferences of Intentionality and Moral and Liking Judgments. J Genet Psychol. 2001;162(2):154-66. PubMed PMID: 11432601.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Action perception and outcome valence: effects on children's inferences of intentionality and moral and liking judgments. AU - Jones,E F, AU - Thomson,N R, PY - 2001/7/4/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/7/4/entrez SP - 154 EP - 66 JF - The Journal of genetic psychology JO - J Genet Psychol VL - 162 IS - 2 N2 - The influences of different action-outcome scenarios on children's evaluative judgments and inferences of outcome intentionality were assessed. One hundred forty-five kindergartners, 2nd graders, and 4th graders heard 4 stories about child actors who engaged in 1 action or 3 equifinal actions and caused a positive or negative outcome. The stories made no mention of the actors' anticipated outcome so that we could assess the children's inferences of whether the actors wanted and had tried to cause the outcome. Children also rated their liking for the actors and the actors' morality. Children's moral and liking judgments were not significantly differentiated by action condition. However, actors who caused positive outcomes received favorable liking and moral judgments, and actors who caused negative outcomes received neutral liking and moral judgments. Children's intentionality inferences varied by the actors' actions and were moderated by outcome valence. The authors discuss children's apparent use of the valence rule when inferring intentionality and their reluctance to judge harshly actors who cause negative outcomes when not privy to the actors' intentions. SN - 0022-1325 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11432601/Action_perception_and_outcome_valence:_effects_on_children's_inferences_of_intentionality_and_moral_and_liking_judgments_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00221320109597957 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -