Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Fruit and vegetable consumption is lower and saturated fat intake is higher among Canadians reporting smoking.
J Nutr 2001; 131(7):1952-8JN

Abstract

Understanding differences in dietary patterns by smoking status is important for nutritionists and health educators involved in helping individuals to make healthy dietary and lifestyle choices. Although smokers have a poor quality diet compared with nonsmokers, no study has examined nutritional adequacy and variability in the nutrient intake of smokers. The aim of this study was to compare dietary habits of smokers with nonsmokers in terms of nutrient intake, food groups contributing to nutrient intake, nutritional adequacy and day-to-day variation in nutrient intake. Noninstitutionalized adults aged 18--65 y (n = 1543) who participated in the Food Habits of Canadians Survey (1997--1998) were studied. Subjects, selected from across Canada using a multistage, random-sampling strategy, completed an in-home 24-h dietary recall. Repeat interviews were conducted in a subsample to estimate variability in nutrient intake. Smokers had higher intakes of total and saturated fat, and lower intakes of folate, vitamin C and fiber than nonsmokers. There were no significant differences in calcium, zinc and vitamin A intakes or day-to-day variation in nutrient intake by smoking status. Smokers consumed significantly fewer fruits and vegetables than nonsmokers, leading to lower intakes of folate and vitamin C. In conclusion, smokers have a less healthy diet than nonsmokers, placing them at higher risk for chronic disease as a result of both dietary and smoking habits. Diet may act as a confounder in smoking-disease relationships.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, H9X 3V9.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11435513

Citation

Palaniappan, U, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Is Lower and Saturated Fat Intake Is Higher Among Canadians Reporting Smoking." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 131, no. 7, 2001, pp. 1952-8.
Palaniappan U, Jacobs Starkey L, O'Loughlin J, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption is lower and saturated fat intake is higher among Canadians reporting smoking. J Nutr. 2001;131(7):1952-8.
Palaniappan, U., Jacobs Starkey, L., O'Loughlin, J., & Gray-Donald, K. (2001). Fruit and vegetable consumption is lower and saturated fat intake is higher among Canadians reporting smoking. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(7), pp. 1952-8.
Palaniappan U, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Is Lower and Saturated Fat Intake Is Higher Among Canadians Reporting Smoking. J Nutr. 2001;131(7):1952-8. PubMed PMID: 11435513.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable consumption is lower and saturated fat intake is higher among Canadians reporting smoking. AU - Palaniappan,U, AU - Jacobs Starkey,L, AU - O'Loughlin,J, AU - Gray-Donald,K, PY - 2001/7/4/pubmed PY - 2001/8/10/medline PY - 2001/7/4/entrez SP - 1952 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J. Nutr. VL - 131 IS - 7 N2 - Understanding differences in dietary patterns by smoking status is important for nutritionists and health educators involved in helping individuals to make healthy dietary and lifestyle choices. Although smokers have a poor quality diet compared with nonsmokers, no study has examined nutritional adequacy and variability in the nutrient intake of smokers. The aim of this study was to compare dietary habits of smokers with nonsmokers in terms of nutrient intake, food groups contributing to nutrient intake, nutritional adequacy and day-to-day variation in nutrient intake. Noninstitutionalized adults aged 18--65 y (n = 1543) who participated in the Food Habits of Canadians Survey (1997--1998) were studied. Subjects, selected from across Canada using a multistage, random-sampling strategy, completed an in-home 24-h dietary recall. Repeat interviews were conducted in a subsample to estimate variability in nutrient intake. Smokers had higher intakes of total and saturated fat, and lower intakes of folate, vitamin C and fiber than nonsmokers. There were no significant differences in calcium, zinc and vitamin A intakes or day-to-day variation in nutrient intake by smoking status. Smokers consumed significantly fewer fruits and vegetables than nonsmokers, leading to lower intakes of folate and vitamin C. In conclusion, smokers have a less healthy diet than nonsmokers, placing them at higher risk for chronic disease as a result of both dietary and smoking habits. Diet may act as a confounder in smoking-disease relationships. SN - 0022-3166 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11435513/Fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_is_lower_and_saturated_fat_intake_is_higher_among_Canadians_reporting_smoking_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/131.7.1952 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -