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Metformin reduces weight, centripetal obesity, insulin, leptin, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in nondiabetic, morbidly obese subjects with body mass index greater than 30.
Metabolism 2001; 50(7):856-61M

Abstract

We studied 31 nondiabetic, habitually (> or =5 years) morbidly obese subjects (mean +/- SD body mass index [BMI] 43 +/- 8.7, median 43). Our specific aim was to determine whether metformin (2.55 g/d for 28 weeks) would ameliorate morbid obesity and reduce centripetal obesity; lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol, insulin, and leptin levels; and plasminogen activator inhibitor activity (PAI-Fx), risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). The patients were instructed to continue their prestudy dietary and exercise regimens without change. After 2 baseline visits 1 week apart, the 27 women and 4 men began receiving metformin, 2.55 g/d, which was continued for 28 weeks with follow-up visits at study weeks 5, 13, 21, and 29. Daily food intake was recorded by patients for 7 days before visits then reviewed with a dietitian. Kilocalories per day and per week were calculated. At each visit, fasting blood was obtained for measurement of lipid profile, insulin, leptin, and PAI-Fx. The mean +/- SD kilocalories consumed per day, 1,951 +/- 661 at entry, fell by week 29 to 1,719 +/- 493 (P =.014) but did not differ at weeks 5, 13, and 21 from that at week 29 (P >.2). Weight fell from 258 +/- 62 pounds at entry to 245 +/- 54 pounds at week 29 (P =.0001). Girth was reduced from 51.8 +/- 6.2 to 49.2 +/- 4.5 inches (P =.0001). Waist circumference fell from 44.0 +/- 6.4 inches to 41.3 +/- 5.9 (P =.0001). The waist/hip ratio fell from 0.85 +/- 0.09 to 0.84 +/- 0.09 (P =.04). Fasting serum insulin, 28 +/- 15 microU/mL at entry, fell to 21 +/- 11 microU/mL at week 29 (P =.0001), and leptin fell from 79 +/- 33 ng/mL to 55 +/- 27 ng/mL (P =.0001). On metformin, there were linear trends in decrements in weight, girth, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, insulin, and leptin throughout the study period (P <.007). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, 126 +/- 34 mg/dL at study entry, fell to 112 +/- 43 mg/dL at week 29 (P =.001), with a linear trend toward decreasing levels throughout (P =.036). By stepwise linear regression, the higher the entry weight, the larger the reduction in weight on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 31%, P =.001). The greater the reduction in kilocalories consumed per day, the greater the decrease in weight on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 15%, P =.011). The higher the waist/hip ratio at entry, the greater its reduction on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 11%, P =.004). The higher the entry serum leptin, the greater its reduction on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 29%, P =.002). The greater the reduction in insulin on metformin, the greater the reduction in leptin (partial R(2) = 8%, P =.03). The higher the entry PAI-Fx, the greater the reduction in PAI-Fx on metformin (partial R(2) = 43%, P =.0001). Metformin safely and effectively reduces CHD risk factors (weight, fasting insulin, leptin, LDL cholesterol, centripetal obesity) in morbidly obese, nondiabetic subjects with BMI > 30, probably by virtue of its insulin-sensitizing action.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cholesterol Center, Jewish Hospital, and Molecular Diagnostics Laboratories, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11436194

Citation

Glueck, C J., et al. "Metformin Reduces Weight, Centripetal Obesity, Insulin, Leptin, and Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Nondiabetic, Morbidly Obese Subjects With Body Mass Index Greater Than 30." Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 50, no. 7, 2001, pp. 856-61.
Glueck CJ, Fontaine RN, Wang P, et al. Metformin reduces weight, centripetal obesity, insulin, leptin, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in nondiabetic, morbidly obese subjects with body mass index greater than 30. Metab Clin Exp. 2001;50(7):856-61.
Glueck, C. J., Fontaine, R. N., Wang, P., Subbiah, M. T., Weber, K., Illig, E., ... McCullough, P. (2001). Metformin reduces weight, centripetal obesity, insulin, leptin, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in nondiabetic, morbidly obese subjects with body mass index greater than 30. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 50(7), pp. 856-61.
Glueck CJ, et al. Metformin Reduces Weight, Centripetal Obesity, Insulin, Leptin, and Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Nondiabetic, Morbidly Obese Subjects With Body Mass Index Greater Than 30. Metab Clin Exp. 2001;50(7):856-61. PubMed PMID: 11436194.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Metformin reduces weight, centripetal obesity, insulin, leptin, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in nondiabetic, morbidly obese subjects with body mass index greater than 30. AU - Glueck,C J, AU - Fontaine,R N, AU - Wang,P, AU - Subbiah,M T, AU - Weber,K, AU - Illig,E, AU - Streicher,P, AU - Sieve-Smith,L, AU - Tracy,T M, AU - Lang,J E, AU - McCullough,P, PY - 2001/7/4/pubmed PY - 2001/8/3/medline PY - 2001/7/4/entrez SP - 856 EP - 61 JF - Metabolism: clinical and experimental JO - Metab. Clin. Exp. VL - 50 IS - 7 N2 - We studied 31 nondiabetic, habitually (> or =5 years) morbidly obese subjects (mean +/- SD body mass index [BMI] 43 +/- 8.7, median 43). Our specific aim was to determine whether metformin (2.55 g/d for 28 weeks) would ameliorate morbid obesity and reduce centripetal obesity; lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol, insulin, and leptin levels; and plasminogen activator inhibitor activity (PAI-Fx), risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). The patients were instructed to continue their prestudy dietary and exercise regimens without change. After 2 baseline visits 1 week apart, the 27 women and 4 men began receiving metformin, 2.55 g/d, which was continued for 28 weeks with follow-up visits at study weeks 5, 13, 21, and 29. Daily food intake was recorded by patients for 7 days before visits then reviewed with a dietitian. Kilocalories per day and per week were calculated. At each visit, fasting blood was obtained for measurement of lipid profile, insulin, leptin, and PAI-Fx. The mean +/- SD kilocalories consumed per day, 1,951 +/- 661 at entry, fell by week 29 to 1,719 +/- 493 (P =.014) but did not differ at weeks 5, 13, and 21 from that at week 29 (P >.2). Weight fell from 258 +/- 62 pounds at entry to 245 +/- 54 pounds at week 29 (P =.0001). Girth was reduced from 51.8 +/- 6.2 to 49.2 +/- 4.5 inches (P =.0001). Waist circumference fell from 44.0 +/- 6.4 inches to 41.3 +/- 5.9 (P =.0001). The waist/hip ratio fell from 0.85 +/- 0.09 to 0.84 +/- 0.09 (P =.04). Fasting serum insulin, 28 +/- 15 microU/mL at entry, fell to 21 +/- 11 microU/mL at week 29 (P =.0001), and leptin fell from 79 +/- 33 ng/mL to 55 +/- 27 ng/mL (P =.0001). On metformin, there were linear trends in decrements in weight, girth, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, insulin, and leptin throughout the study period (P <.007). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, 126 +/- 34 mg/dL at study entry, fell to 112 +/- 43 mg/dL at week 29 (P =.001), with a linear trend toward decreasing levels throughout (P =.036). By stepwise linear regression, the higher the entry weight, the larger the reduction in weight on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 31%, P =.001). The greater the reduction in kilocalories consumed per day, the greater the decrease in weight on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 15%, P =.011). The higher the waist/hip ratio at entry, the greater its reduction on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 11%, P =.004). The higher the entry serum leptin, the greater its reduction on metformin therapy (partial R(2) = 29%, P =.002). The greater the reduction in insulin on metformin, the greater the reduction in leptin (partial R(2) = 8%, P =.03). The higher the entry PAI-Fx, the greater the reduction in PAI-Fx on metformin (partial R(2) = 43%, P =.0001). Metformin safely and effectively reduces CHD risk factors (weight, fasting insulin, leptin, LDL cholesterol, centripetal obesity) in morbidly obese, nondiabetic subjects with BMI > 30, probably by virtue of its insulin-sensitizing action. SN - 0026-0495 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11436194/Metformin_reduces_weight_centripetal_obesity_insulin_leptin_and_low_density_lipoprotein_cholesterol_in_nondiabetic_morbidly_obese_subjects_with_body_mass_index_greater_than_30_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0026-0495(01)85982-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -