Comparison of the effects of dietary n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on very-low-density lipoprotein secretion when delivered to hepatocytes in chylomicron remnants.Biochem J. 2001 Jul 15; 357(Pt 2):481-7.BJ
The effects of chylomicron remnants enriched in n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (derived from fish or corn oil respectively) on the secretion of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) lipid and apolipoprotein B (apoB) by rat hepatocytes in culture was investigated. Remnants were prepared in vivo from chylomicrons obtained from rats given an oral dose of fish or corn oil and incubated with cultured hepatocytes for up to 16 h. The medium was then removed and the secretion of cholesterol and triacylglycerol into the whole medium or the rho<1.050 g/ml fraction during the following 7-24 h was determined. After exposure of the cells to fish-oil as compared with corn-oil remnants, secretion of both cholesterol and triacylglycerol into the whole medium was decreased by 25-35%, and secretion into the rho<1.050 g/ml fraction was decreased by 20-25%. In addition, the levels of apoB48 found in the rho<1.050 g/ml fraction were significantly lower in cells treated with fish-oil rather than corn-oil remnants, although the levels of apoB100 remained unchanged. The expression of mRNA for apoB, as determined by reverse-transcriptase PCR, however, was not significantly changed after exposure of the cells to both types of remnants. These results demonstrate that the effects of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in depressing hepatic VLDL secretion occur directly when they are delivered to the liver from the intestine in chylomicron remnants, and that the secretion, but not the synthesis, of apoB is targeted.