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[677T mutation of the MTHFR gene in adenomas and colorectal cancer in a population sample from the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary results].
Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2001 Jan-Mar; 66(1):32-7.RG

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Adequate intake of folates has been associated to low prevalence of colon cancer. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme (MTHFR) plays an important role in folate metabolism. The role of the 677 mutation at the MTHFR gene in the risk for colorectal cancer remains controversial. A recent report established that this mutation has a high prevalence in the healthy Mexican population.

AIMS

To analyze the prevalence of 677T MTHFR mutation in patients with colorectal cancer and controls without chronic gastrointestinal disorders.

METHODS

Seventy-four colorectal cancer, 32 adenomas and 110 normal samples were analyzed. Patients and controls were matched for sex and age. For each sample, DNA isolation, PCR, and mutation detection by restriction enzyme digestion were performed to determine the allele at the 677 position in the MTHFR gene.

RESULTS

Genotype 677C/677C was found in 18.7, 20.3, and 30.9% in adenomas, cancer lesions and controls, respectively. Frequencies of the 677C/677T genotype were 59.4, 56.7, and 47.3%, in adenomas, cancer lesions, and controls, respectively. Genotype 677T/677T was found in 21.9, 23.0, and 21.8% in adenomas, cancer lesions, and controls, respectively. The odds ratio between genotypes carrying the mutation (T/T and C/T) and normal genotype (CC) was 1.81 (IC 95% 0.97-3.3), chi 2 = 3.5, p = 0.06.

CONCLUSION

Our results showed that persons who carry the 677T mutation at MTHFR locus have a tendency for an increased risk for colorectal cancer. This study supports the basic concept that low levels of folic acid contribute with the colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Our lack of statistic significance may be due to reduced sample size.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratorio de Genética Molecular de la ULIEG, Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina de la UANL, Monterrey, N.L. México.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

11464627

Citation

Delgado-Enciso, I, et al. "[677T Mutation of the MTHFR Gene in Adenomas and Colorectal Cancer in a Population Sample From the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary Results]." Revista De Gastroenterologia De Mexico, vol. 66, no. 1, 2001, pp. 32-7.
Delgado-Enciso I, Martínez-Garza SG, Rojas-Martínez A, et al. [677T mutation of the MTHFR gene in adenomas and colorectal cancer in a population sample from the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary results]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2001;66(1):32-7.
Delgado-Enciso, I., Martínez-Garza, S. G., Rojas-Martínez, A., Ortiz-López, R., Bosques-Padilla, F., Calderón-Garcidueñas, A. L., Zárate-Gómez, M., & Barrera-Saldaña, H. A. (2001). [677T mutation of the MTHFR gene in adenomas and colorectal cancer in a population sample from the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary results]. Revista De Gastroenterologia De Mexico, 66(1), 32-7.
Delgado-Enciso I, et al. [677T Mutation of the MTHFR Gene in Adenomas and Colorectal Cancer in a Population Sample From the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary Results]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2001;66(1):32-7. PubMed PMID: 11464627.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [677T mutation of the MTHFR gene in adenomas and colorectal cancer in a population sample from the Northeastern Mexico. Preliminary results]. AU - Delgado-Enciso,I, AU - Martínez-Garza,S G, AU - Rojas-Martínez,A, AU - Ortiz-López,R, AU - Bosques-Padilla,F, AU - Calderón-Garcidueñas,A L, AU - Zárate-Gómez,M, AU - Barrera-Saldaña,H A, PY - 2001/7/24/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/7/24/entrez SP - 32 EP - 7 JF - Revista de gastroenterologia de Mexico JO - Rev Gastroenterol Mex VL - 66 IS - 1 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Adequate intake of folates has been associated to low prevalence of colon cancer. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme (MTHFR) plays an important role in folate metabolism. The role of the 677 mutation at the MTHFR gene in the risk for colorectal cancer remains controversial. A recent report established that this mutation has a high prevalence in the healthy Mexican population. AIMS: To analyze the prevalence of 677T MTHFR mutation in patients with colorectal cancer and controls without chronic gastrointestinal disorders. METHODS: Seventy-four colorectal cancer, 32 adenomas and 110 normal samples were analyzed. Patients and controls were matched for sex and age. For each sample, DNA isolation, PCR, and mutation detection by restriction enzyme digestion were performed to determine the allele at the 677 position in the MTHFR gene. RESULTS: Genotype 677C/677C was found in 18.7, 20.3, and 30.9% in adenomas, cancer lesions and controls, respectively. Frequencies of the 677C/677T genotype were 59.4, 56.7, and 47.3%, in adenomas, cancer lesions, and controls, respectively. Genotype 677T/677T was found in 21.9, 23.0, and 21.8% in adenomas, cancer lesions, and controls, respectively. The odds ratio between genotypes carrying the mutation (T/T and C/T) and normal genotype (CC) was 1.81 (IC 95% 0.97-3.3), chi 2 = 3.5, p = 0.06. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that persons who carry the 677T mutation at MTHFR locus have a tendency for an increased risk for colorectal cancer. This study supports the basic concept that low levels of folic acid contribute with the colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Our lack of statistic significance may be due to reduced sample size. SN - 0375-0906 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11464627/[677T_mutation_of_the_MTHFR_gene_in_adenomas_and_colorectal_cancer_in_a_population_sample_from_the_Northeastern_Mexico__Preliminary_results]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9647 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -