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Treatment of chronic nightmares in adjudicated adolescent girls in a residential facility.
J Adolesc Health. 2001 Aug; 29(2):94-100.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of chronic nightmares in a sample of adolescent girls.

METHODS

Adolescent girls ranging in age from 13 to 18 years were recruited from the Wyoming Girls School in Sheridan, Wyoming (treatment group, n = 9; control group, n = 10). These girls had previously suffered a high prevalence of unwanted sexual experiences in childhood and adolescence, and thus many suffered from nightmares, sleep complaints, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Imagery rehearsal therapy was provided in a 1-day (6-h) workshop. Imagery rehearsal consists of three steps, all of which are performed in the waking state: (a) select a nightmare, (b) "change the nightmare any way you wish," and (c) rehearse the images of the new version ("new dream") 5 to 20 min each day. Control participants received no intervention.

RESULTS

At baseline, these girls had been suffering from nightmares, on average, for 4.5 years, and they reported experiencing 20 nightmares per month, which occurred at a frequency of at least one bad dream every other night. At 3 months, self-reported, retrospectively assessed nightmare frequency measured in nights per month decreased 57% (p =.01, d = 1.4) and measured in nightmares per month decreased 71% (p =.01, d = 1.7) in the treatment group, compared with no significant changes in the control group. No significant changes were noted for sleep and posttraumatic stress disorder measures in either group.

CONCLUSION

Imagery rehearsal therapy was an effective treatment option for chronic nightmares in this adjudicated adolescent population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sleep and Human Health Institute, 4775 Indian School N.E., Albuquerque, New Mexico 87110, USA. bkrakow@salud.unm.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11472867

Citation

Krakow, B, et al. "Treatment of Chronic Nightmares in Adjudicated Adolescent Girls in a Residential Facility." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 29, no. 2, 2001, pp. 94-100.
Krakow B, Sandoval D, Schrader R, et al. Treatment of chronic nightmares in adjudicated adolescent girls in a residential facility. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29(2):94-100.
Krakow, B., Sandoval, D., Schrader, R., Keuhne, B., McBride, L., Yau, C. L., & Tandberg, D. (2001). Treatment of chronic nightmares in adjudicated adolescent girls in a residential facility. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 29(2), 94-100.
Krakow B, et al. Treatment of Chronic Nightmares in Adjudicated Adolescent Girls in a Residential Facility. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29(2):94-100. PubMed PMID: 11472867.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treatment of chronic nightmares in adjudicated adolescent girls in a residential facility. AU - Krakow,B, AU - Sandoval,D, AU - Schrader,R, AU - Keuhne,B, AU - McBride,L, AU - Yau,C L, AU - Tandberg,D, PY - 2001/7/27/pubmed PY - 2001/8/31/medline PY - 2001/7/27/entrez SP - 94 EP - 100 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 29 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of chronic nightmares in a sample of adolescent girls. METHODS: Adolescent girls ranging in age from 13 to 18 years were recruited from the Wyoming Girls School in Sheridan, Wyoming (treatment group, n = 9; control group, n = 10). These girls had previously suffered a high prevalence of unwanted sexual experiences in childhood and adolescence, and thus many suffered from nightmares, sleep complaints, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Imagery rehearsal therapy was provided in a 1-day (6-h) workshop. Imagery rehearsal consists of three steps, all of which are performed in the waking state: (a) select a nightmare, (b) "change the nightmare any way you wish," and (c) rehearse the images of the new version ("new dream") 5 to 20 min each day. Control participants received no intervention. RESULTS: At baseline, these girls had been suffering from nightmares, on average, for 4.5 years, and they reported experiencing 20 nightmares per month, which occurred at a frequency of at least one bad dream every other night. At 3 months, self-reported, retrospectively assessed nightmare frequency measured in nights per month decreased 57% (p =.01, d = 1.4) and measured in nightmares per month decreased 71% (p =.01, d = 1.7) in the treatment group, compared with no significant changes in the control group. No significant changes were noted for sleep and posttraumatic stress disorder measures in either group. CONCLUSION: Imagery rehearsal therapy was an effective treatment option for chronic nightmares in this adjudicated adolescent population. SN - 1054-139X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11472867/Treatment_of_chronic_nightmares_in_adjudicated_adolescent_girls_in_a_residential_facility_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(00)00195-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -