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Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of off-road cyclists.
Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33(8):1387-93MS

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between anaerobic power at different pedaling frequencies (including the optimal cadence) and aerobic power in off-road cyclists (CYC; N = 25) and sports students, who did not perform specific cycle exercise more than two times per week (CON; N = 60).

METHODS

To describe the aerobic power, we measured the maximal power output (W(max)) and the power output at the fixed lactate threshold at 4 mmol x L(-1) (W(L4)) obtained during a maximal aerobic power cycling test. To describe anaerobic power output, we measured the average power output (IsoW(mean)) over a range from 50 to 140 rpm by using a 10-s sprint on an isokinetic cycle ergometer.

RESULTS

For the 10-s anaerobic test, CON and CYC showed a peak power output (IsoW(peak)) of 13.3 +/- 1.4 and 14.9 +/- 1.1 W x kg(-1), respectively. IsoW(peak) corresponded to an optimal cadence of 100 +/- 9.3 rpm for CON and 100 +/- 8.7 rpm for CYC. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the W(max):IsoW(peak) (W(aerobic):W(anaerobic)) ratio between CON (32 +/- 4.5%) and CYC (38 +/- 3.9%). Significant differences among group means were identified using an ANOVA test and a post hoc analysis. The off-road cyclists showed a significantly higher IsoW(mean) at all pedaling frequencies and at the optimal cadence (P < 0.01). There was a modest relationship between W(max) and IsoW(peak) in both groups (CON r = 0.53; CYC r = 0.64; P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

Anaerobic power values are important components associated with cycle performance in both noncyclists and off-road cyclists. However, the results of the present study demonstrated the usefulness of the power index in the physiological evaluation of off-road cyclists, as it gives information on the proportion of aerobic to anaerobic energy contribution.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sports Science, Department of Prevention and Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, University of Vienna, Austria. ramon.baron@univie.ac.at

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11474343

Citation

Baron, R. "Aerobic and Anaerobic Power Characteristics of Off-road Cyclists." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 33, no. 8, 2001, pp. 1387-93.
Baron R. Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of off-road cyclists. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(8):1387-93.
Baron, R. (2001). Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of off-road cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(8), pp. 1387-93.
Baron R. Aerobic and Anaerobic Power Characteristics of Off-road Cyclists. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(8):1387-93. PubMed PMID: 11474343.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of off-road cyclists. A1 - Baron,R, PY - 2001/7/28/pubmed PY - 2001/9/21/medline PY - 2001/7/28/entrez SP - 1387 EP - 93 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 33 IS - 8 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between anaerobic power at different pedaling frequencies (including the optimal cadence) and aerobic power in off-road cyclists (CYC; N = 25) and sports students, who did not perform specific cycle exercise more than two times per week (CON; N = 60). METHODS: To describe the aerobic power, we measured the maximal power output (W(max)) and the power output at the fixed lactate threshold at 4 mmol x L(-1) (W(L4)) obtained during a maximal aerobic power cycling test. To describe anaerobic power output, we measured the average power output (IsoW(mean)) over a range from 50 to 140 rpm by using a 10-s sprint on an isokinetic cycle ergometer. RESULTS: For the 10-s anaerobic test, CON and CYC showed a peak power output (IsoW(peak)) of 13.3 +/- 1.4 and 14.9 +/- 1.1 W x kg(-1), respectively. IsoW(peak) corresponded to an optimal cadence of 100 +/- 9.3 rpm for CON and 100 +/- 8.7 rpm for CYC. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the W(max):IsoW(peak) (W(aerobic):W(anaerobic)) ratio between CON (32 +/- 4.5%) and CYC (38 +/- 3.9%). Significant differences among group means were identified using an ANOVA test and a post hoc analysis. The off-road cyclists showed a significantly higher IsoW(mean) at all pedaling frequencies and at the optimal cadence (P < 0.01). There was a modest relationship between W(max) and IsoW(peak) in both groups (CON r = 0.53; CYC r = 0.64; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Anaerobic power values are important components associated with cycle performance in both noncyclists and off-road cyclists. However, the results of the present study demonstrated the usefulness of the power index in the physiological evaluation of off-road cyclists, as it gives information on the proportion of aerobic to anaerobic energy contribution. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11474343/Aerobic_and_anaerobic_power_characteristics_of_off_road_cyclists_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=11474343 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -