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Effect of season on the productivity of camels (Camelus dromedarius and the prevalence of their major parasites in eastern Ethiopia.
Trop Anim Health Prod. 2001 Jul; 33(4):321-9.TA

Abstract

The productivity and the prevalence rates of the major parasites of camels (Camelus dromedarius) kept under traditional management conditions at Errer valley, Ethiopia were assessed for a year (October 1997-September 1998). The daily milk offtake was significantly higher (p < 0.05) during the wet season (3.12 +/- 0.03 L) than during the dry season (1.49 +/- 0.04 L). Likewise, significantly higher (p < 0.05) daily weight gains (50.68 +/- 0.54 g) were observed during the wet season than during dry season in immature camels aged 1-4 years. Trypanosoma evansi, Sarcoptes scabiei and strongyle parasites were present throughout the year, but their prevalence rates were higher during the rainy months than during the dry months. The minimum and maximum point prevalence rates for T. evansi were 5.4% and 20.6%, respectively. Similarly, the point prevalence rates for S. scabiei also varied from 4.7% during the dry season to 21.7% during the rainy months. The highest strongyle egg counts per gram of faeces and highest point prevalence rate (85.7%) were observed in October, a rainy month, whereas the lowest number of eggs per gram of faeces and the lowest point prevalence rate (61.5%) were recorded in April, a dry month.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Alemaya University of Agriculture, Department of Animal Sciences, PO Box 138, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11474866

Citation

Zeleke, M, and T Bekele. "Effect of Season On the Productivity of Camels (Camelus Dromedarius and the Prevalence of Their Major Parasites in Eastern Ethiopia." Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 33, no. 4, 2001, pp. 321-9.
Zeleke M, Bekele T. Effect of season on the productivity of camels (Camelus dromedarius and the prevalence of their major parasites in eastern Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2001;33(4):321-9.
Zeleke, M., & Bekele, T. (2001). Effect of season on the productivity of camels (Camelus dromedarius and the prevalence of their major parasites in eastern Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 33(4), 321-9.
Zeleke M, Bekele T. Effect of Season On the Productivity of Camels (Camelus Dromedarius and the Prevalence of Their Major Parasites in Eastern Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2001;33(4):321-9. PubMed PMID: 11474866.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of season on the productivity of camels (Camelus dromedarius and the prevalence of their major parasites in eastern Ethiopia. AU - Zeleke,M, AU - Bekele,T, PY - 2001/7/28/pubmed PY - 2002/3/15/medline PY - 2001/7/28/entrez SP - 321 EP - 9 JF - Tropical animal health and production JO - Trop Anim Health Prod VL - 33 IS - 4 N2 - The productivity and the prevalence rates of the major parasites of camels (Camelus dromedarius) kept under traditional management conditions at Errer valley, Ethiopia were assessed for a year (October 1997-September 1998). The daily milk offtake was significantly higher (p < 0.05) during the wet season (3.12 +/- 0.03 L) than during the dry season (1.49 +/- 0.04 L). Likewise, significantly higher (p < 0.05) daily weight gains (50.68 +/- 0.54 g) were observed during the wet season than during dry season in immature camels aged 1-4 years. Trypanosoma evansi, Sarcoptes scabiei and strongyle parasites were present throughout the year, but their prevalence rates were higher during the rainy months than during the dry months. The minimum and maximum point prevalence rates for T. evansi were 5.4% and 20.6%, respectively. Similarly, the point prevalence rates for S. scabiei also varied from 4.7% during the dry season to 21.7% during the rainy months. The highest strongyle egg counts per gram of faeces and highest point prevalence rate (85.7%) were observed in October, a rainy month, whereas the lowest number of eggs per gram of faeces and the lowest point prevalence rate (61.5%) were recorded in April, a dry month. SN - 0049-4747 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11474866/Effect_of_season_on_the_productivity_of_camels__Camelus_dromedarius_and_the_prevalence_of_their_major_parasites_in_eastern_Ethiopia_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&amp;PAGE=linkout&amp;SEARCH=11474866.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -