5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors in the human trigeminal ganglion: co-localization with calcitonin gene-related peptide, substance P and nitric oxide synthase.Brain Res. 2001 Aug 03; 909(1-2):112-20.BR
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is implicated in migraine and agonist directed against 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors are commonly used as effective therapies. The antimigraine mechanisms involve the inhibition of intracranial sensory neuropeptide release. In order to determine which 5-HT(1) receptor subtypes are involved we have by immunocytochemistry examined the distribution of 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors in the human trigeminal ganglia, and addressed which of them colocalize with calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP) or nitric oxide synthase (NOS). We detected that 5-HT(1D) receptor immunoreactivity (i.r.) was predominantly expressed in medium-sized cells (86% of positive cells, 30-60 microm). About 9% of the 5-HT(1D) receptor i.r. cells were large in size (> 60 microm) and 5% were small in size (< 30 microm). In a similar pattern, 5-HT(1B) receptor i.r. was mainly expressed in medium-sized cells (81% in 30-60 microm, 15% in > 60 microm and 4% in < 30 microm). Double immunostaining was used to determine whether the 5-HT(1B) or 5-HT(1D) receptor immunoreactive cells co-localized with either CGRP, SP or NOS. Thus, 89% of the CGRP i.r. cells expressed 5-HT(1D) receptor i.r. and 65% of the CGRP positive cells were 5-HT(1B) receptor positive. Most of the 5-HT(1D) (95%) and the 5-HT(1B) (94%) receptor i.r. cells showed SP immunostaining and 83% of 5-HT(1D) receptor and 86% of 5-HT(1B) receptor i.r. cells contained NOS. In conclusion, both 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(1D) receptors are expressed in the human trigeminal ganglion and they are mainly localized in medium-sized cells and they seem to colocalize with CGRP, SP and NOS.