Hepatic resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: relation to gross tumor morphology.Hepatogastroenterology. 2001 Jul-Aug; 48(40):1129-33.H
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features and biological behaviors related to the gross appearance of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
Fourteen patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who underwent hepatic resection between 1986 and 1998 were divided into four groups according to the gross appearance of the tumor: ID (intraductal growth) type (n = 1), PD (periductal-infiltrating) type (n = 4), MF (mass-forming) type (n = 5), MF-with-PD type (n = 4).
Overall survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 50.0%, 35.7%, and 35.7%, respectively. All three long-term survivors without recurrence had tumors unassociated with vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis, or lymph node metastasis. The MF and MF-with-PD tumors were more frequently associated with vascular invasion and/or lymph node metastasis than the ID or PD type. The Ki-67-positive grade of the cancer cells was clearly higher in the MF and MF-with-PD tumors than in the ID or PD type. All of the cases of MF-with-PD tumors were stage IV-A and had a poor outcome.
Extended hepatic resection with a sufficient surgical margin yielded good results in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients without vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis, or lymph node metastasis. However, it is necessary to develop a new effective strategy for advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, such as the MF-with-PD type.