Autoantibodies against oxidized low density lipoproteins in patients with stable angina, unstable angina or peripheral vascular disease; pathophysiological implications.Eur Heart J. 2001 Sep; 22(17):1572-7.EH
Antibody antioxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL) might play a role both in atherogenesis and in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Antibody titres to oxLDL and levels of C-reactive protein were compared in unstable angina, stable angina or peripheral artery disease. Antibody titres to LDL oxidated by CuSO(4)for 2, 4 and 18 h (Cu-oxLDL-Ab(2-4-18)) or by peroxidase (HRP-oxLDL-Ab) were assessed by ELISA. Cu-oxLDL-Ab(2-4-18)were consistently higher in peripheral artery disease than in unstable angina (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.01, respectively) or in stable angina (P<0.001, P=0.01, P=ns) but similar in unstable and stable angina. Accordingly, HRP-oxLDL-Ab were higher in peripheral artery disease than in unstable angina (P<0.001) or stable angina (P=0.04) but similar in unstable and stable angina. The number of arterial stenoses was higher in peripheral artery disease than unstable and stable angina (P<0.01). Cu-oxLDL-Ab and HRP-oxLDL-Ab correlated with the severity of atherosclerosis (P<0.01, R=0.4;P=0.02, R=0.3 respectively). Conversely, C-reactive protein levels were higher in unstable than in stable angina (P<0.001) or in peripheral artery disease (P<0.03) but similar in stable angina and peripheral artery disease and did not correlate with the severity of atherosclerosis.
The autoimmune response to oxLDL is likely to play an important role in atherogenesis but not in precipitating acute coronary syndromes.