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Efficacy of wrist/palm warming as an EVA countermeasure to maintain finger comfort in cold conditions.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001 Aug; 72(8):713-9.AS

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This study explored the effectiveness of local wrist/palm warming as a potential countermeasure for providing finger comfort during extended duration EVA.

METHODS

There were six subjects (five males and one female) who were evaluated in a liquid cooling/warming garment (LCWG) wearing modified liquid cooling/warming (LCW) gloves in three different experimental conditions: Condition 1: Stage 1--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature 33 degrees C; Stage 2--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature cooled to 8 degrees C; Stage 3--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C; Condition 2: Stage 1--LCWG and LCW glove inlet water temperature 33 degrees C; Stage 2--LCWG inlet temperature cooled to 31 degrees C, LCW gloves, 8 degrees C; Stage 3--LCWG inlet water temperature remains at 31 degrees C, LCW glove inlet water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C; Condition 3: Stage 1--LCWG and LCW gloves 33 degrees C; Stage 2--LCWG inlet water temperature cooled to 28 degrees C, LCW gloves, 8 degrees C; Stage 3--LCWG remains at 28 degrees C, LCW glove water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C.

RESULTS

Wrist/palm area warming showed a statistically significant increase in finger temperature (Tfing) in Stage 3 compared with Stage 2. Blood perfusion showed a trend toward a significantly greater value in Stage 3 compared with Stage 2. The LCW gloves were significantly more effective in increasing Stage 3 Tfing in Condition 1 (33 degrees C) compared with Condition 3 (28 degrees C). Across conditions, subjective perception of heat in the hands was significantly greater at Stage 3 than Stage 2; perception of overall body heat showed a trend for higher heat ratings in Stage 3 than Stage 2.

CONCLUSIONS

Local wrist/palm warming was effective in increasing blood circulation to the distal upper extremities, suggesting the potential usefulness of this technique for enhancing astronaut comfort during EVA while decreasing power requirements.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Kinesiology at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA. kosch002tc.umn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11506232

Citation

Koscheyev, V S., et al. "Efficacy of Wrist/palm Warming as an EVA Countermeasure to Maintain Finger Comfort in Cold Conditions." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 72, no. 8, 2001, pp. 713-9.
Koscheyev VS, Leon GR, Treviño RC. Efficacy of wrist/palm warming as an EVA countermeasure to maintain finger comfort in cold conditions. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001;72(8):713-9.
Koscheyev, V. S., Leon, G. R., & Treviño, R. C. (2001). Efficacy of wrist/palm warming as an EVA countermeasure to maintain finger comfort in cold conditions. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 72(8), 713-9.
Koscheyev VS, Leon GR, Treviño RC. Efficacy of Wrist/palm Warming as an EVA Countermeasure to Maintain Finger Comfort in Cold Conditions. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001;72(8):713-9. PubMed PMID: 11506232.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy of wrist/palm warming as an EVA countermeasure to maintain finger comfort in cold conditions. AU - Koscheyev,V S, AU - Leon,G R, AU - Treviño,R C, PY - 2001/8/17/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/8/17/entrez KW - NASA Discipline Life Sciences Technologies KW - Non-NASA Center SP - 713 EP - 9 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 72 IS - 8 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study explored the effectiveness of local wrist/palm warming as a potential countermeasure for providing finger comfort during extended duration EVA. METHODS: There were six subjects (five males and one female) who were evaluated in a liquid cooling/warming garment (LCWG) wearing modified liquid cooling/warming (LCW) gloves in three different experimental conditions: Condition 1: Stage 1--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature 33 degrees C; Stage 2--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature cooled to 8 degrees C; Stage 3--no LCWG, LCW glove inlet water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C; Condition 2: Stage 1--LCWG and LCW glove inlet water temperature 33 degrees C; Stage 2--LCWG inlet temperature cooled to 31 degrees C, LCW gloves, 8 degrees C; Stage 3--LCWG inlet water temperature remains at 31 degrees C, LCW glove inlet water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C; Condition 3: Stage 1--LCWG and LCW gloves 33 degrees C; Stage 2--LCWG inlet water temperature cooled to 28 degrees C, LCW gloves, 8 degrees C; Stage 3--LCWG remains at 28 degrees C, LCW glove water temperature warmed to 45 degrees C. RESULTS: Wrist/palm area warming showed a statistically significant increase in finger temperature (Tfing) in Stage 3 compared with Stage 2. Blood perfusion showed a trend toward a significantly greater value in Stage 3 compared with Stage 2. The LCW gloves were significantly more effective in increasing Stage 3 Tfing in Condition 1 (33 degrees C) compared with Condition 3 (28 degrees C). Across conditions, subjective perception of heat in the hands was significantly greater at Stage 3 than Stage 2; perception of overall body heat showed a trend for higher heat ratings in Stage 3 than Stage 2. CONCLUSIONS: Local wrist/palm warming was effective in increasing blood circulation to the distal upper extremities, suggesting the potential usefulness of this technique for enhancing astronaut comfort during EVA while decreasing power requirements. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11506232/Efficacy_of_wrist/palm_warming_as_an_EVA_countermeasure_to_maintain_finger_comfort_in_cold_conditions_ L2 - https://www.lens.org/lens/search/patent/list?q=citation_id:11506232 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -